Document Detail

Evaluation of the cytotoxic effect of 7keto-stigmasterol and 7keto-cholesterol in human intestinal (Caco-2) cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22750387     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The biological implications of cholesterol oxidation products have been investigated, though research on plant sterol oxidation products is scarce and in some cases contradictory. The cytotoxicity of 7keto(k)-stigmasterol versus 7keto(k)-cholesterol at different concentrations (0-120μM) and incubation times (4-24h), in intestinal epithelial cells (Caco-2 cells) was evaluated. The 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,3-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide and neutral red uptake tests, mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm), and relative DNA and RNA contents in the cell cycle phases were determined. Possible interaction effects between 7k-derivatives or non-oxidized stigmasterol were monitored. Endo/lysosomal activity was not impaired by either oxide. 7k-cholesterol showed a deleterious effect upon the mitochondrial compartment after 24h of exposure (120 μM), as well as upon ΔΨm when incubated at all concentrations (12/24h). Only cells incubated with 7k-cholesterol (120 μM) exhibited a decrease in RNA proportion in the G1 population. The presence of 7k-stigmasterol or stigmasterol with 7k-cholesterol reduced the deleterious metabolic effects upon mitochondrial functionality and integrity and the distribution of RNA contents in G1 and G2 phases. A decrease in the G1 phase proportion was detected in cells exposed to mixtures, without alterations in RNA content. The results obtained indicate the absence of 7k-stigmasterol cytotoxicity in Caco-2 cells and its capacity to reduce 7k-cholesterol toxicity.
L Alemany; Jm Laparra; R Barberá; A Alegría
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-6-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-6351     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8207483     Medline TA:  Food Chem Toxicol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Department of Nutrition and Food Chemistry. Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Valencia, Avda. Vicente Andrés Estellés s/n, 46100 Burjassot. Spain.
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