Document Detail

Evaluation of bovine and human teeth exposed to thermocycling for microleakage under bonded metal brackets.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23463300     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
INTRODUCTION: Bovine teeth are commonly used as substitutes for human teeth in scientific investigations. The present study was performed in vitro with the objective of comparing bovine and human enamel subjected to thermocycling for microleakage beneath metal brackets. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 50 bovine and human teeth (25 per group) void of defects or carious decay were extracted and stored in chloramine B (0.5%). A light-curing adhesive (Transbond™ XT) was used as instructed by the manufacturer (3M Unitek, Monrovia, CA, USA) to bond a metal bracket (discovery®; Dentaurum, Ispringen, Germany) to the surface of each tooth following 30 s of enamel etching (phosphoric acid 35%). After 24 h of dye penetration in methylene blue (0.5%), the cervical and incisal bracket surfaces were analyzed by light microscopy for excess bonding material, dye penetration, and microleakage at the bracket-adhesive and adhesive-enamel interfaces. Staining and evaluation was repeated after thermocycling (5000 cycles at 5/55 °C). RESULTS: Before thermocycling, the number of human teeth showing marginal gaps was one-third the number of bovine teeth (p<0.001). After thermocycling, the distribution of gaps was similar (p=0.180). The adhesive-enamel interface was most frequently affected (on 74% of human and 64% of bovine teeth). No dye penetration in either group after examining a horizontal slice through the bracket basis was observed. CONCLUSION: Immediately after bonding, less microleakage was observed around the base of metal brackets on human than bovine teeth. These marginal gaps were, however, superficial in both groups, none of them involving deep penetration of dye under the bracket base.
K Canbek; M Karbach; F Gottschalk; C Erbe; H Wehrbein
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-3-7
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of orofacial orthopedics = Fortschritte der Kieferorthopadie : Organ/official journal Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Kieferorthopadie     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1615-6714     ISO Abbreviation:  J Orofac Orthop     Publication Date:  2013 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-3-6     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9713484     Medline TA:  J Orofac Orthop     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Policlinic of Orthodontics, Johannes Gutenberg University, Augustusplatz 2, 55131, Mainz, Germany,
Vernacular Title:
Randspaltuntersuchung von Metallbrackets bei bovinen und humanen Zähnen unter Thermocycling.
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