Document Detail

Evaluation of a bedside whole-blood rapid troponin T assay in the emergency department. Rapid Evaluation by Assay of Cardiac Troponin T (REACTT) Investigators Study Group.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9383485     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of a new bedside whole-blood rapid assay for cardiac troponin T (cTnT) in patients presenting to the ED with symptoms consistent with acute coronary ischemia. METHODS: A prospective, observational trial was performed in 8 participating medical centers. Serial blood samples were obtained on presentation to the ED and 3 and 6 hours later. The cTnT whole-blood rapid assays were performed immediately at the site. Treating physicians and patients were blinded to the results of the rapid assays. Serum samples were analyzed at the core laboratory for serum cTnT, creatine kinase (CK)-MB, and myoglobin. The sensitivity of the rapid assay for detecting acute myocardial infarction (AMI) was compared with the sensitivities of serum cTnT, CK-MB, and myoglobin assays. RESULTS: Of 721 patients, 102 were diagnosed as having AMI. The median elapsed time from symptom onset to ED arrival was 3 hours. The sensitivities of the rapid assay for detecting AMI were 19.6%, 59.0%, and 69.7% at 0, 3, and 6 hours, respectively. The sensitivities of the serum cTnT assay (p-values for comparison with the rapid assay for cTnT) were 25.0% (p = 0.18), 69.6% (p = 0.04), and 79.8% (p = 0.02) at 0, 3, and 6 hours, respectively. The CK-MB and myoglobin sensitivities were 21.9%, 64.5%, and 81.0%; and 43.8%, 77.4%, and 71.4%, respectively. There were 7 patients with AMI who had negative rapid assay readings and positive serum cTnT levels; 4 of these patients were enrolled at the same site. Twenty patients not diagnosed as having AMI had at least one positive rapid assay. Fourteen of these 20 patients had a diagnosis of clinically relevant cardiac disease. CONCLUSIONS: The sensitivity of this whole-blood rapid cTnT assay for detecting AMI is comparable to that of current serum assays and offers the advantage of providing rapid bedside results. Discrepancies between serum and whole-blood assays for cTnT noted in this study may indicate the need for further education for the test reader prior to patient use.
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Academic emergency medicine : official journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine     Volume:  4     ISSN:  1069-6563     ISO Abbreviation:  Acad Emerg Med     Publication Date:  1997 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-12-18     Completed Date:  1997-12-18     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9418450     Medline TA:  Acad Emerg Med     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1018-24     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Emergency Medicine / methods*
Emergency Service, Hospital
Evaluation Studies as Topic
Heart Function Tests / methods*
Middle Aged
Myocardial Ischemia / diagnosis*
Point-of-Care Systems*
Prospective Studies
Sensitivity and Specificity
United States
Comment In:
Acad Emerg Med. 1997 Nov;4(11):1015-7   [PMID:  9383484 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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