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Evaluation of arginine metabolism for the analysis of M1/M2 macrophage activation in human clinical specimens.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23775039     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Macrophage heterogeneity reflects their plasticity in response to environmental stimuli. Usually human macrophages are characterized by analysis of surface molecules or cytokine expression while functional assays are established in the mouse system but lacking for various human specimens. METHODS: To evaluate the value of analysis of arginine metabolism for characterization of human macrophage differentiation, we analyzed nitrite production and arginase activity in plasma, duodenal biopsies, and in vitro differentiated macrophages of patients with classical Whipple's disease. RESULTS: We demonstrate that it is feasible to determine the content of urea in supernatants of stimulated duodenal biopsies, arginase activity in fresh duodenal biopsies and plasma samples, and arginase activity and nitrite production in lysates and supernatants of in vitro differentiated macrophages. However, only selected tests are appropriate to define macrophage polarization in human specimens. CONCLUSION: Analysis of arginine metabolism is not suitable for the characterization of in vitro differentiated human macrophages. Besides the measurement of nitrite in duodenal biopsy supernatants, the determination of arginase activity in human plasma seems to be a reasonable functional test to detect enhanced M2 macrophage activation and, thus, is of great value for the analysis of macrophage activity with a minimum of material and costs.
Anika Geelhaar-Karsch; Katina Schinnerling; Kristina Conrad; Julian Friebel; Kristina Allers; Thomas Schneider; Verena Moos
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-6-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Inflammation research : official journal of the European Histamine Research Society ... [et al.]     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1420-908X     ISO Abbreviation:  Inflamm. Res.     Publication Date:  2013 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-6-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9508160     Medline TA:  Inflamm Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Campus Benjamin Franklin, Medizinische Klinik I, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Hindenburgdamm 30, 12203, Berlin, Germany.
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