Document Detail

Evaluation of alternative equations for prediction of intake for Holstein dairy cows.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9178127     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Six prediction equations for dry matter intake (DMI) were evaluated for accuracy with independent data. The equations were selected based on ease of parameter measurement and practical on-farm use. The equations were assessed for accuracy of predicting individual weekly DMI for primiparous (n = 105) and multiparous (n = 136) cows; three-fourths of these cows were supplemented with a sustained-release form of bovine somatotropin (bST). Large variations in accuracy were identified across the six prediction equations for effects of parity and bST. Prediction accuracy of all equations for cows in wk 1 to 24 of lactation was better for primiparous cows than for multiparous cows. Precision of prediction equations was poor for cows in wk 8 through 12 of lactation and for cows in > 40 wk of lactation. The equation for DMI with the best accuracy measured by a low total lactation mean square prediction error was the modified equation of the National Research Council: DMI (kilograms per day) = -0.293 + 0.372 x fat-corrected milk (kilograms per day) + 0.0968 x body weight 0.75 (kilograms). However, the overall mean bias (predicted minus observed) of the prediction of weekly DMI of a single cow was high for all equations, including the modified equation of the National Research Council. For wk 2, 4, 8, 10, and 20 of lactation, the mean bias for the modified equation was +6, +3.4, -1.3, -2.1, and -2.8 kg/d. The accuracy of prediction was lower for cows treated biweekly with bST. High yielding cows and cows treated biweekly with bST had higher milk yields in relation to body weight, and standardized prediction equations for DMI were less accurate.
D K Roseler; D G Fox; A N Pell; L E Chase
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of dairy science     Volume:  80     ISSN:  0022-0302     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Dairy Sci.     Publication Date:  1997 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-06-26     Completed Date:  1997-06-26     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985126R     Medline TA:  J Dairy Sci     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  864-77     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Animal Science, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14850, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*
Cattle / physiology*
Growth Hormone / administration & dosage
Sensitivity and Specificity
Reg. No./Substance:
9002-72-6/Growth Hormone

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