Document Detail


Evaluation of Dorset, Finnsheep, Romanov, Texel, and Montadale breeds of sheep: I. Effects of ram breed on productivity of ewes of two crossbred populations.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10875622     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Effects of Dorset, Finnsheep, Romanov, Texel, and Montadale breeds for performance as sires were estimated in the initial phase of a comprehensive evaluation of these breeds as contributors to sheep crossbreeding systems. Objectives were to evaluate the effects of ram breed, ewe breed, season of mating, and two-way interactions. Rams from the five breeds were single-sire-mated with ewes from two breed types to produce lambs over a 3-yr period. Ewes were assigned to one of three distinct 35-d mating seasons initiated each year in August, October, and December. A different sample of six rams per breed was used each year across all three seasons, and each ram was penned with ewes of both breeds. Traits evaluated and number of ewe records were conception rate and litter weaning weight per ewe exposed (n = 3,261) and number born, litter birth weight, average birth weight, number weaned, and litter weaning weight per ewe lambing (n = 2,751). Ram breed and ewe breed interacted (P < .01) for conception rate and litter weaning weight per ewe exposed, implicating mating preferences, particularly of Romanov rams. In mixed groups of ewes exposed to Romanov rams, conception rate was 12.7% lower and litter weight weaned was 8.4 kg lower in the ewe breed presumably less preferred for mating by the rams. On a per ewe exposed basis, Romanov-sired litters produced either the largest or the smallest values for litter weaning weight, depending on the breed of ewe. Effects of ram breed on number born and litter birth weight interacted (P < .05) with season of mating. The largest litters within each ram breed were associated with the October mating season. Montadale and Romanov rams sired larger and heavier litters from August matings than from December matings, whereas the opposite was true for Dorset-sired litters. Texel- and Finnsheep-sired litters were similar in size and weight from August and December matings. Breed of ram differences affected per ewe lambing productivity measurements (P < .01). Differences between ram breeds for ewe productivity were noted, with increased number born and improved survival of crossbred progeny to weaning for Romanov-sired litters. These results may have implications for using these ram breeds as sires in different crossbreeding systems. Structured mating systems or the creation of new composite populations involving these breeds could be used to match the resources, environment, and market of specific production situations.
Authors:
B A Freking; K A Leymaster; L D Young
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of animal science     Volume:  78     ISSN:  0021-8812     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Anim. Sci.     Publication Date:  2000 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-07-20     Completed Date:  2000-07-20     Revised Date:  2003-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003002     Medline TA:  J Anim Sci     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1422-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
USDA, ARS, U.S. Meat Animal Research Center, Clay Center, NE 68933-0166, USA. freking@email.marc.usda.gov
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Body Weight
Breeding*
Female
Genomic Imprinting
Male
Seasons
Sheep / classification,  genetics*,  growth & development*
Weaning

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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