Document Detail


Evaluation of the Dairy Comp 305 module "Cow Value" in two Ontario dairy herds.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18024773     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The study was conducted to evaluate how the "Cow Value" module of Dairy Comp 305 (Valley Agricultural Software, Tulare, CA) performed under commercial conditions. The "Cow Value" module, COWVAL, computes a farm-specific net present value relative to an average replacement heifer for each cow in the milking and dry herd, which allows a ranking of the cows on the farm compared with replacing her with a typical replacement heifer on that farm. The average replacement heifer is used as the baseline for comparison and has a COWVAL of $0. Retaining a cow with a negative COWVAL is projected to be less profitable than replacing that cow with a new heifer. The objectives of the study were to explore trends in COWVAL over and during multiple lactations for the same cows; to describe factors that influence changes in COWVAL from one monthly Dairy Herd Improvement test to the next; and to evaluate the behavior of COWVAL after it drops below a baseline of $0 during the lifetime of a cow. Monthly Dairy Comp 305 backup cow files from 2 On-tario dairy herds between December 1999 and Decem-ber 2005 were used to generate COWVAL and list production, reproduction, and disease data for the milking cows. In total, 1,463 cows and 20,071 tests were analyzed. Within the first 60 d in milk (DIM), COWVAL was unstable and showed large fluctuations over a range of several thousand Canadian dollars (Can$). After 60 DIM COWVAL was relatively stable. The variability from month to month became less as the lactation progressed and the risk of a change in reproductive status decreased. The reproductive status of the cow influ-enced COWVAL: fresh, open, and pregnant cows had a greater COWVAL than cows declared "do not breed." As parity increased, there was a tendency toward lower COWVAL and smaller monthly changes in COWVAL. The COWVAL of 170 cows dropped below the baseline of $0 after 60 DIM. The COWVAL of 54% of those cows remained below $0, whereas 31.6% had a subsequent COWVAL > $500 (Can$). Farm management should not rely exclusively on COWVAL for culling decisions, particularly for cows that have not had at least 3 milk tests.
Authors:
U S Sorge; D F Kelton; K D Lissemore; W Sears; J Fetrow
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of dairy science     Volume:  90     ISSN:  1525-3198     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Dairy Sci.     Publication Date:  2007 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-11-20     Completed Date:  2007-12-27     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985126R     Medline TA:  J Dairy Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  5784-97     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Population Medicine, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada. usorge@uoguelph.ca
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animal Feed / economics
Animals
Breeding / economics*,  methods
Cattle / physiology*
Costs and Cost Analysis
Dairying* / economics,  methods
Female
Income
Lactation / physiology*
Milk / chemistry,  economics*,  secretion
Models, Biological
Models, Theoretical
Ontario
Pregnancy
Reproduction / physiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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