Document Detail


Evaluation of Atrial Electromechanical Delay and Diastolic Functions in Patients with Hyperthyroidism.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23742676     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIM: Hyperthyroidism is a well-known cause of atrial fibrillation (AF) which is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Atrial electromechanical delay (EMD) is a significant predictor of AF. The aim of this study was to assess the atrial EMD and diastolic functions in subclinical and overt hyperthyroidism by using tissue Doppler imaging (TDI). METHODS AND RESULTS: The study population consisted of 3 groups: group I (30 healthy subjects), group II (38 patients with subclinical hyperthyroidism), and group III (25 patients with overt hyperthyroidism). Atrial electromechanical coupling was measured with TDI. Standard echocardiographic measurements and parameters of diastolic function were obtained by conventional echocardiography and TDI. Intra- and inter-atrial EMD were significantly prolonged in subclinical and overt hyperthyroidism compared with control group (P = 0.03 and P < 0.001 for intra-atrial EMD; P < 0.001 for inter-atrial EMD). In groups II and III, mitral A velocity (P = 0.005 and P = 0.001) and mitral E-wave deceleration time (P < 0.001 and P = 0.02) were significantly increased, and mitral E/A ratio (P = 0.005 and P = 0.001) was significantly decreased compared with the control group. The lateral mitral Em /Am ratio in group II and group III was significantly lower than controls (P = 0.001). Mitral Em /Am ratio (β = -0.32, P = 0.002) and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) level (β = -0.27, P = 0.009) were negatively and independently correlated with inter-atrial EMD. CONCLUSION: This study showed that intra- and inter-atrial electromechanical intervals were prolonged and diastolic function was impaired in both overt and subclinical hyperthyroidism. TSH level and mitral Em /Am ratio were found as independent predictors of atrial EMD.
Authors:
Abdullah Sokmen; Gurkan Acar; Gulizar Sokmen; Ahmet Akcay; Murat Akkoyun; Sedat Koroglu; Alper Bugra Nacar; Mesut Ozkaya
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-6-6
Journal Detail:
Title:  Echocardiography (Mount Kisco, N.Y.)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1540-8175     ISO Abbreviation:  Echocardiography     Publication Date:  2013 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-6-7     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8511187     Medline TA:  Echocardiography     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2013, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University, Kahramanmaras, Turkey.
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