Document Detail


Evaluating the influence of postsession reinforcement on choice of reinforcers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17970264     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Factors that influence reinforcer choice have been examined in a number of applied studies (e.g., Neef, Mace, Shea, & Shade, 1992; Shore, Iwata, DeLeon, Kahng, & Smith, 1997; Tustin, 1994). However, no applied studies have evaluated the effects of postsession reinforcement on choice between concurrently available reinforcers, even though basic findings indicate that this is an important factor to consider (Hursh, 1978; Zeiler, 1999). In this bridge investigation, we evaluated the influence of postsession reinforcement on choice of two food items when task responding was reinforced on progressive-ratio schedules. Participants were 3 children who had been diagnosed with developmental disabilities. Results indicated that response allocation shifted from one food item to the other food item under thinner schedules of reinforcement when no postsession reinforcement was provided. These findings suggest that the efficacy of instructional programs or treatments for problem behavior may be improved by restricting reinforcers outside treatment sessions.
Authors:
Tiffany Kodak; Dorothea C Lerman; Nathan Call
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied behavior analysis     Volume:  40     ISSN:  0021-8855     ISO Abbreviation:  J Appl Behav Anal     Publication Date:  2007  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-10-31     Completed Date:  2008-01-18     Revised Date:  2010-09-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0174763     Medline TA:  J Appl Behav Anal     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  515-27     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Munroe-Meyer Institute, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Child, Preschool
Choice Behavior*
Humans
Male
Reinforcement (Psychology)*
Token Economy
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