Document Detail


Evaluating the effectiveness of a single telephone contact as an adjunct to a self-help intervention for smoking cessation in a randomized controlled trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18188753     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study evaluated the effects of including a single brief prequit telephone counseling session in a self-help program for smoking cessation conducted through the mail, by comparison with the effects of the self-help program alone. Volunteer participants from northwestern Spain (N = 228) were randomly assigned to one of two groups: (a) the self-help-only group (n = 110, mean age = 37.4 years, pretreatment cigarette consumption = 26.5 cigarettes/day) or (b) the telephone-support group (n = 118, mean age = 36.8 years, pretreatment cigarette consumption = 27.7 cigarettes/day). Using a conservative data analysis method (missing data considered as treatment failures), we found that the point-prevalence abstinence rate was significantly higher in the telephone-support group than in the self-help-only group at the end of treatment (44.9% vs. 21.8%) and at the 3-month follow-up (39.0% vs. 26.4%). Likewise, sustained abstinence was significantly higher in the telephone-support group at the 3-month follow-up (33.9% vs. 13.6%), the 6-month follow-up (25.4% vs. 12.7%), and the 12-month follow-up (21.2% vs. 9.1%). The results of this randomized controlled trial indicate that both treatments are an effective aid for smoking cessation, and that a single brief telephone call before the quit date is a low-cost and effective procedure for improving abstinence rates in a mailed self-help program.
Authors:
M Carmen Míguez; Elisardo Becoña
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco     Volume:  10     ISSN:  1462-2203     ISO Abbreviation:  Nicotine Tob. Res.     Publication Date:  2008 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-01-11     Completed Date:  2008-06-23     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9815751     Medline TA:  Nicotine Tob Res     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  129-35     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
University of Santiago de Compostela, Faculty of Psychology, Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychobiology, Santiago de Compostela, Spain. pcmcm@usc.es
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Counseling / methods*
Female
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Patient Education as Topic*
Predictive Value of Tests
Self-Help Groups*
Smoking / prevention & control*,  psychology
Smoking Cessation / methods*
Spain
Telephone
Time Factors
Treatment Outcome

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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