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Evaluating the dispersion of toxic odour emissions from complex sources.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22506704     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This article describes an original approach for evaluating exposure to toxic odour emissions, based on methods commonly used for assessing the impact of odour, adopted in this specific case to examine the non-carcinogenic health effects of odours in the city of Terni, Italy. First the hazardous volatile organic compounds emitted from the main odour sources were identified and quantified by chemical analysis. The Hazard Index (HI) was used to assess the toxicity associated with the emissions. The HI is the sum of the concentrations of the hazardous compounds weighted with their Reference Concentration (RfC). A RfC is the estimated continuous inhalation concentration at which people are unlikely to risk any deleterious effects during their lifetime. Atmospheric dispersion modelling was based on the Toxicity Emission Rate (TER) which, like the Odour Emission Rate (OER) conventionally used to quantify odour emissions, relates the HI with the air flow of an emission source; it is as a simple but effective method for the general characterization of toxic odour emissions in complex scenarios. The results indicated that citizens' exposure to the non-carcinogenic toxic compounds involved in odour emissions was below the level expected to have adverse effects on human health. Classical risk assessment techniques should now be employed to define the pollutants and their effects better and to validate this approach.
Authors:
L Capelli; S Sironi; R Del Rosso; G Bianchi; E Davoli
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of environmental science and health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous substances & environmental engineering     Volume:  47     ISSN:  1532-4117     ISO Abbreviation:  J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-04-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9812551     Medline TA:  J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1113-22     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
a Politecnico di Milano , Department of Chemistry, Materials and Chemical Engineering, "Giulio Natta," , Milano , Italy.
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