Document Detail

Evaluating the modulation transfer function of auditory steady state responses in the 65 Hz to 120 Hz range.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20517156     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: Auditory steady state response (ASSR) tests allow frequency-specific assessment of the auditory system. The responses can be elicited with long-duration tones that are modulated at particular rates. The literature has reported that some rates may evoke larger responses than others. Modulation transfer functions (MTFs), which show ASSR response as a function of modulation rate, can be created by presenting a fixed carrier with a modulation rate that is swept over time. Here, we explore the profiles of MTFs with particular effort made toward examining (1) the rates in the MTF that provided the maximum and minimum values, (2) the means and ranges of ASSRs within each MTF, and (3) MTF test-retest repeatability. Because recording ASSRs to a 500-Hz carrier frequency is often difficult at 60 dB SPL or less, we focused our efforts on this frequency. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the possibility of using MTFs for the purpose of identifying both optimal and unfavorable modulation rates.
DESIGN: Fifty-four normal hearing adult subjects were allocated to one of four experimental conditions. The first two conditions used a 500-Hz carrier and generated MTFs where modulation rate was varied continuously across a low (66 to 102 Hz) or high (86 to 121 Hz) range. In two additional conditions, a 500-Hz carrier having a modulation rate fixed at 82 Hz and a 2000-Hz carrier having a swept modulation rate (66- to 102-Hz range) were also obtained for comparison. Stimuli were presented at 60 dB SPL. The two ranges of modulation were used because these have implications for the generators and characteristics of the evoked responses. Responses were analyzed for each condition using a Fourier analyzer. To assess the stability of the MTF, two recordings, of 25 mins each, were obtained for each subject.
RESULTS: MTF profiles and modulation rates associated with maximum and minimum amplitudes clearly demonstrated repeatability between the two recordings. More specifically, modulation rates for the maximum and minimum amplitudes showed correlations above 0.92 between the two recordings. Using combined data from the two replications, we found that differences between maximum and minimum amplitudes were between 34 and 51 nV when modulation rate was varied. For the fixed modulation rate condition, the difference was only 22 nV, which was due to fluctuations in noise. Response amplitude and noise estimates obtained in this study suggest that approximately 30% of individuals would require at least 10 mins more recording time if an actual hearing test was performed using the modulation rate associated with the ASSR amplitude minimum rather than the maximum. For some individuals, the ASSR would not be detected in a practical amount of time if the wrong modulation rate were relied upon during a clinical test.
CONCLUSIONS: In research applications requiring repeated measurements, or clinical contexts such as intraoperative monitoring or assessment of aided hearing, setting stimulus modulation rate parameters based on a previous analysis of an individual's MTF could be extremely beneficial. Sufficient time must be spent in recording the MTF to adequately attenuate the contribution of noise to the ASSR amplitude estimates.
David W Purcell; M Sasha John
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Validation Studies    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ear and hearing     Volume:  31     ISSN:  1538-4667     ISO Abbreviation:  Ear Hear     Publication Date:  2010 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-09-02     Completed Date:  2011-01-04     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8005585     Medline TA:  Ear Hear     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  667-78     Citation Subset:  IM    
National Centre for Audiology, School of Communication Sciences and Disorders, University of Western Ontario, London, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Acoustic Stimulation / methods
Age Factors
Audiometry, Pure-Tone
Hearing / physiology*
Hearing Tests / methods*,  standards*
Pitch Discrimination / physiology*
Reference Values
Reproducibility of Results
Young Adult
Grant Support
//Canadian Institutes of Health Research

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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