Document Detail

European surveillance of antimicrobial consumption (ESAC): data collection performance and methodological approach.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15373935     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Europe is a continent with strong public healthcare systems, but diverging antibiotic policies and resistance patterns. AIMS: To describe the performance and methodological approach in a retrospective data collection effort (1997-2001), through an international network of surveillance systems, aiming to collect publicly available, comparable and reliable data on antibiotic use in Europe. METHODS: A central multidisciplinary management team co-ordinated a network of national representatives, liasing with national data providers and bodies responsible for antibiotic policy. The data collected were screened for bias, using a checklist. We focused on detection bias in sample and census data; errors in assigning medicinal product packages to the Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification (ATC); errors in calculations of defined daily doses (DDD) per package; bias by over-the-counter sales and parallel trade; and bias in ambulatory care (AC)/hospital care (HC) mix. Datasets were corrected after national feedback, and classified as valid; valid but with minor bias; not valid. RESULTS: Of the 31 participating countries, 21 countries delivered AC data suitable for cross-national comparison (14 for all 5 years). Of these, 17 countries provided data on a quarterly basis for at least 1 year. For HC, 14 countries were able to deliver valid data (nine for all 5 years). A valid estimate of the total exposure of national populations to human antibiotic consumption could be made in 17 countries. CONCLUSION: In cross-national comparisons of antibiotic consumption in Europe, methodological rigour in correcting for various sources of bias and checking the validity of ATC/DDD assignment is needed.
R H Vander Stichele; M M Elseviers; M Ferech; S Blot; H Goossens;
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  British journal of clinical pharmacology     Volume:  58     ISSN:  0306-5251     ISO Abbreviation:  Br J Clin Pharmacol     Publication Date:  2004 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-09-17     Completed Date:  2005-01-18     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503323     Medline TA:  Br J Clin Pharmacol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  419-28     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2004 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
ESAC Management Team, Department of Microbiology, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium.
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MeSH Terms
Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use*
Data Collection / methods*
Hospitalization / statistics & numerical data
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anti-Bacterial Agents

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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