Document Detail

European brown hare syndrome in free-living mountain hares (Lepus timidus) and European brown hares (Lepus europaeus) in Finland 1990-2002.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15827209     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We investigated the epidemiology of the European brown hare syndrome (EBHS) in Finland among free-living mountain hares (Lepus timidus) and European brown hares (Lepus europaeus). Carcasses of 297 European brown hares and 843 mountain hares submitted for postmortem examination were analyzed between 1990 and 2002. One hundred thirty-six cases of EBHS were detected during the examination, 20 cases in European brown hares and 116 in mountain hares. Liver samples from 56 histopathologically positive and 135 negative cases were analyzed by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The results of RT-PCR correlated well with histopathology. Cases of EBHS appeared only sporadically in a restricted area in eastern Finland during 1990-97. In 1998, the number of cases increased, and the disease spread to the north. In 1998-99, EBHS was the most common disease of mountain hares in necropsy material from northern and eastern Finland. Special features were the occurrence of the disease in areas in which European brown hares are rare and the seasonal distribution of cases, most of which appeared in spring or summer. This is the first report of an outbreak of EBHS occurring mainly among free-living mountain hares from Finland.
Paula Syrjälä; Minna Nylund; Sirpa Heinikainen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of wildlife diseases     Volume:  41     ISSN:  0090-3558     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Wildl. Dis.     Publication Date:  2005 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-04-13     Completed Date:  2005-08-09     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0244160     Medline TA:  J Wildl Dis     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  42-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
National Veterinary and Food Research Institute, Kuopio Department, Neulaniementie 4, PO Box 92, FIN 70701 Kuopio, Finland.
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MeSH Terms
Caliciviridae Infections / epidemiology,  pathology,  veterinary*
Disease Outbreaks / veterinary
Finland / epidemiology
Lagovirus / isolation & purification*
Liver / pathology,  virology
Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction / veterinary

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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