Document Detail

Eugenol-from the remote maluku islands to the international market place: a review of a remarkable and versatile molecule.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22728369     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Eugenol is a major volatile constituent of clove essential oil obtained through hydrodistillation of mainly <em>Eugenia caryophyllata</em> (=<em>Syzygium aromaticum</em>) buds and leaves. It is a remarkably versatile molecule incorporated as a functional ingredient in numerous products and has found application in the pharmaceutical, agricultural, fragrance, flavour, cosmetic and various other industries. Its vast range of pharmacological activities has been well-researched and includes antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anti-oxidant and anticancer activities, amongst others. In addition, it is widely used in agricultural applications to protect foods from micro-organisms during storage, which might have an effect on human health, and as a pesticide and fumigant. As a functional ingredient, it is included in many dental preparations and it has also been shown to enhance skin permeation of various drugs. Eugenol is considered safe as a food additive but due to the wide range of different applications, extensive use and availability of clove oil, it is pertinent to discuss the general toxicity with special reference to contact dermatitis. This review summarises the pharmacological, agricultural and other applications of eugenol with specific emphasis on mechanism of action as well as toxicity data.
Guy P Kamatou; Ilze Vermaak; Alvaro M Viljoen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-06-06
Journal Detail:
Title:  Molecules (Basel, Switzerland)     Volume:  17     ISSN:  1420-3049     ISO Abbreviation:  Molecules     Publication Date:  2012  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-06-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100964009     Medline TA:  Molecules     Country:  Switzerland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  6953-81     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Science, Tshwane University of Technology, Private Bag X680, Pretoria 0001, South Africa.
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