Document Detail


Eugenol-from the remote maluku islands to the international market place: a review of a remarkable and versatile molecule.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22728369     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Eugenol is a major volatile constituent of clove essential oil obtained through hydrodistillation of mainly <em>Eugenia caryophyllata</em> (=<em>Syzygium aromaticum</em>) buds and leaves. It is a remarkably versatile molecule incorporated as a functional ingredient in numerous products and has found application in the pharmaceutical, agricultural, fragrance, flavour, cosmetic and various other industries. Its vast range of pharmacological activities has been well-researched and includes antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anti-oxidant and anticancer activities, amongst others. In addition, it is widely used in agricultural applications to protect foods from micro-organisms during storage, which might have an effect on human health, and as a pesticide and fumigant. As a functional ingredient, it is included in many dental preparations and it has also been shown to enhance skin permeation of various drugs. Eugenol is considered safe as a food additive but due to the wide range of different applications, extensive use and availability of clove oil, it is pertinent to discuss the general toxicity with special reference to contact dermatitis. This review summarises the pharmacological, agricultural and other applications of eugenol with specific emphasis on mechanism of action as well as toxicity data.
Authors:
Guy P Kamatou; Ilze Vermaak; Alvaro M Viljoen
Related Documents :
19360559 - Use of novel nest boxes by carmine bee-eaters (merops nubicus) in captivity.
3402669 - Sibling inhibition of hoarding in postweaning hamster pups (mesocricetus auratus).
17427129 - Scaling of nectar foraging in orchid bees.
17187299 - Solitary foraging in the ancestral south american ant, pogonomyrmex vermiculatus. is it...
869899 - Alcohol dehydrogenase polymorphism in apis mellifera.
10715169 - An experimental analysis of territory size in juvenile steelhead trout.
24735399 - The quiet revolution in asia's rice value chains.
24824339 - Nutrition transition and food sustainability.
17822079 - European atmospheric pollution imported by cooler air masses to the eastern mediterrane...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-06-06
Journal Detail:
Title:  Molecules (Basel, Switzerland)     Volume:  17     ISSN:  1420-3049     ISO Abbreviation:  Molecules     Publication Date:  2012  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-06-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100964009     Medline TA:  Molecules     Country:  Switzerland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  6953-81     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Science, Tshwane University of Technology, Private Bag X680, Pretoria 0001, South Africa. viljoenam@tut.ac.za.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Two New Coumarins from <em>Micromelum </em><em>f</em><em>alcatum </em>with Cytotoxicity and Brine Sh...
Next Document:  Identification of Volatile Components of Liverwort (<em>Porella cordaeana</em>) Extracts Using GC/MS...