Document Detail

Eucapnic voluntary hyperventilation is superior to methacholine challenge testing for detecting airway hyperreactivity in nonathletes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22793526     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
INTRODUCTION: Response to eucapnic voluntary hyperventilation (EVH) has not been compared with methacholine challenge testing (MCCT) in nonathletes being evaluated for dyspnea on exertion.
OBJECTIVE: To determine the airway response to EVH and MCCT in a population of nonathletes who exercise regularly but have symptoms with exertion.
METHODS: We reviewed records for all patients with exercise symptoms who underwent both EVH and MCCT. Presenting symptoms, comorbid diseases, and results of bronchoprovocation (BP) testing were recorded. This study was approved by the institutional review board at our hospital.
RESULTS: A total of 131 patients (mean age 32.3 ± 11.6, body mass index (BMI) 27.1 ± 4.7 kg/m(2), 59.5% male) had an EVH, MCCT, and clinical evaluation performed. Overall, 37 (28.2%) patients had positive BP testing and met criteria for exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB). There were 32 (24.4%) patients with a positive EVH, compared with only 11 patients with a positive MCCT (8.4%). There were 26 patients (19.8%) who had a positive EVH but a negative MCCT, and correlation between the two tests was poor to moderate (r = 0.11-0.57). A complaint of chest pain and younger age were independent predictors for a positive EVH, whereas a history of tobacco use and a decreased FEV(1)/FVC (forced expiratory volume in 1 s/forced vital capacity) predicted a positive MCCT. A previous diagnosis of asthma was an independent predictor for a response to either test. Discussion. In a population of nonathletes who exercise regularly and have symptoms with exertion, EIB is common. Correlation between EVH and MCCT in this population is poor, and although the tests are somewhat complementary, a large percentage of patients had a negative MCCT but a positive EVH.
CONCLUSIONS: EIB is common in nonathletes with exercise-induced symptoms, and EVH is the preferred test for this population.
CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: EIB is common in nonathletes who exercise regularly. In this population, MCCT will miss most patients with EIB, and MCCT and EVH show only poor-to-moderate correlation.
CAPSULE SUMMARY: EVH has not been compared with MCCT in nonathletes without a diagnosis of asthma. Our study shows that the two tests are complementary in this population, but EVH is positive more often.
Aaron B Holley; Brian Cohee; Robert J Walter; Anita A Shah; Christopher S King; Stuart Roop
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of asthma : official journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma     Volume:  49     ISSN:  1532-4303     ISO Abbreviation:  J Asthma     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-07-16     Completed Date:  2012-09-18     Revised Date:  2014-07-31    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8106454     Medline TA:  J Asthma     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  614-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Asthma, Exercise-Induced / diagnosis*,  physiopathology
Bronchial Hyperreactivity / diagnosis*,  physiopathology
Bronchial Provocation Tests*
Methacholine Chloride / diagnostic use*
Young Adult
Reg. No./Substance:
0W5ETF9M2K/Methacholine Chloride

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