Document Detail

Etiology and outcome of hydrops fetalis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9481059     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Hydrops fetalis is a morbid condition caused by a wide variety of diseases. Although treatment for some underlying pathologies is becoming available, the prognosis remains poor. To analyze the etiology and outcome of hydrops fetalis, we reviewed the records of 79 fetuses encountered at the National Taiwan University Hospital between January 1993 and October 1996. The mean +/- standard deviation gestational age at presentation was 24.9 +/- 6.3 weeks. One case was due to RhE incompatibility. Seventy-eight fetuses were diagnosed as having nonimmune hydrops fetalis; this was idiopathic in 20 fetuses. In the other 58, the causes and associated conditions were classified into eight groups: hematologic (25), cardiovascular (15), chromosomal (5), gastrointestinal (4), cystic hygroma (3), pulmonary (2), infection (2), and miscellaneous (3). One fetus with cystic hygroma also had a chromosomal abnormality (Turner's syndrome). The most common cause of nonimmune hydrops fetalis was homozygous alpha-thalassemia (31%). Twenty-nine fetuses were lost to follow-up after initial evaluation and 50 fetuses were delivered at our hospital. Of these, there were eight cases of antepartum death, 24 cases of intrapartum death, and 18 live births. Seventeen of the live-born infants were treated at our neonatal intensive care unit, of whom only seven survived.
Y H Yang; R J Teng; J R Tang; K I Yau; L H Huang; F J Hsieh
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the Formosan Medical Association = Taiwan yi zhi     Volume:  97     ISSN:  0929-6646     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Formos. Med. Assoc.     Publication Date:  1998 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-03-19     Completed Date:  1998-03-19     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9214933     Medline TA:  J Formos Med Assoc     Country:  TAIWAN    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  16-20     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pediatrics, National Taiwan University, Medical College, Taipei, Taiwan.
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MeSH Terms
Follow-Up Studies
Hydrops Fetalis / diagnosis,  etiology*,  mortality,  therapy
Infant, Newborn
Survival Rate
Taiwan / epidemiology
Ultrasonography, Prenatal

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