Document Detail

Etiology and diagnosis of neonatal conjunctivitis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3109205     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Chlamydia trachomatis was isolated from the most inflamed eye of 13 of 107 (12%) infants with neonatal purulent conjunctivitis and from none of 100 healthy infants (p less than 0.01). Staphylococcus aureus was recovered from 49 (46%) inflamed eyes and from 8 (8%) healthy eyes (p less than 0.01). Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, Branhamella catarrhalis, Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae were isolated from very few infants with conjunctivitis but not from controls. No organisms could be recovered from 23 (22%) infants with conjunctivitis and from 60 (60%) healthy infants (p less than 0.01). The incidence of neonatal purulent conjunctivitis was 107 (2%), of 5,924 births. Eyes infected with C. trachomatis were significantly more inflamed than eyes from which S. aureus or no organisms could be isolated. Furthermore, conjunctival "pseudomembranes" were associated with C. trachomatis. The age at onset of the chlamydial conjunctivitis was higher compared to the age at onset of conjunctivitis in which S. aureus or no organisms were isolated.
I Sandström
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta paediatrica Scandinavica     Volume:  76     ISSN:  0001-656X     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Paediatr Scand     Publication Date:  1987 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1987-07-02     Completed Date:  1987-07-02     Revised Date:  2009-11-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0000211     Medline TA:  Acta Paediatr Scand     Country:  SWEDEN    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  221-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Bacteriological Techniques
Chlamydia trachomatis / isolation & purification
Conjunctivitis* / diagnosis,  epidemiology,  etiology
Conjunctivitis, Bacterial* / diagnosis,  epidemiology,  microbiology
Gram-Negative Bacteria / isolation & purification
Infant, Newborn
Neisseria gonorrhoeae / isolation & purification

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