Document Detail


The Ethylene-insensitive sickle mutant of Medicago truncatula shows altered auxin transport regulation during nodulation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16844840     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We studied the ethylene-insensitive, hypernodulating mutant, sickle (skl), to investigate the interaction of ethylene with auxin transport during root nodulation in Medicago truncatula. Grafting experiments demonstrated that hypernodulation in skl is root controlled. Long distance transport of auxin from shoot to root was reduced by rhizobia after 24 h in wild type but not in skl. Similarly, the ethylene precursor 1-amino cyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid inhibited auxin transport in wild type but not in skl. Auxin transport at the nodule initiation zone was significantly reduced by rhizobia after 4 h in both wild type and skl. After 24 h, auxin transport significantly increased at the nodule initiation zone in skl compared to wild type, accompanied by an increase in the expression of the MtPIN1 and MtPIN2 (pin formed) auxin efflux transporters. Response assays to different auxins did not show any phenotype that would suggest a defect of auxin uptake in skl. The auxin transport inhibitor N-1-naphthylphtalamic acid inhibited nodulation in wild type but not skl, even though N-1-naphthylphtalamic acid still inhibited auxin transport in skl. Our results suggest that ethylene signaling modulates auxin transport regulation at certain stages of nodule development, partially through PIN gene expression, and that an increase in auxin transport relative to the wild type is correlated with higher nodule numbers. We also discuss the regulation of auxin transport in skl in comparison to previously published data on the autoregulation mutant, super numerary nodules (van Noorden et al., 2006).
Authors:
Joko Prayitno; Barry G Rolfe; Ulrike Mathesius
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2006-07-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Plant physiology     Volume:  142     ISSN:  0032-0889     ISO Abbreviation:  Plant Physiol.     Publication Date:  2006 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-09-07     Completed Date:  2006-11-30     Revised Date:  2013-06-07    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401224     Medline TA:  Plant Physiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  168-80     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Integrative Legume Research, Genomic Interactions Group, Research School of Biological Sciences, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 0200, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Ethylenes / metabolism*
Indoleacetic Acids / metabolism*
Medicago truncatula / genetics,  metabolism*
Mutation
Phenotype
Plant Roots / metabolism*
Sinorhizobium meliloti / physiology*
Symbiosis / physiology
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Ethylenes; 0/Indoleacetic Acids; 91GW059KN7/ethylene
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