Document Detail

Ethylene Production and Leaflet Abscission of Three Peanut Genotypes Infected with Cercospora arachidicola Hori.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16662297     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Ethylene can induce abscission of leaves and other plant organs. Increased ethylene production by plant tissues can occur after invasion by microorganisms. The fungus Cercospora arachidicola Hori, attacks peanut leaflets and causes defoliation. Our objective was to determine if ethylene was involved in this defoliation. Leaves of three peanut, Arachis sp., genotypes were inoculated with C. arachidicola. Two genotypes, ;Tamnut 74' and PI 109839, produced ethylene and were defoliated. The third genotype, PI 276233, a wild species, did not produce ethylene above control levels and was not defoliated. Increase in ethylene production by Tamnut 74 and PI 109839 coincided with appearance of disease symptoms. Tamnut 74 produced the most ethylene, but PI 109839 was equally defoliated. Thus, less overall ethylene production did not necessarily indicate a more resistant genotype in this system unless ethylene production remained at control levels, as it did for PI 276233. Ethylene sufficient to initiate abscission could have been produced by the seventh day after inoculation when it was similar for both Tamnut 74 and PI 109839, but 3 to 4 times control amounts. This occurred before the rapid increase in ethylene production and before disease symptoms were visible. Silver ion, a potent inhibitor of ethylene action, was sprayed at three concentrations on intact Tamnut 74 plants. All rates reduced abscission and 150 mg/liter Ag(I) decreased abscission to below 10%. The data indicate that ethylene produced by peanut leaves in response to C. arachidicola infection initiates abscission and that ethylene action can be blocked by Ag(I) in such a host-pathogen interaction.
D L Ketring; H A Melouk
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Plant physiology     Volume:  69     ISSN:  0032-0889     ISO Abbreviation:  Plant Physiol.     Publication Date:  1982 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-06-29     Completed Date:  2010-06-29     Revised Date:  2010-09-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401224     Medline TA:  Plant Physiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  789-92     Citation Subset:  -    
United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Department of Agronomy, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma 74078.
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