Document Detail

Ethnic differences in incidence of sudden infant death syndrome in Birmingham.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2400217     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Among the 45,204 live births in Birmingham in the three calendar years 1981-3, there were 218 postneonatal deaths, giving a postneonatal mortality rate of 4.82 per 1000 live births. Postneonatal mortality rates were 4.22 for whites, 5.91 for Asians (relative risk 1.26, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.04 to 1.53) and 8.20 for Afro-Caribbeans (relative risk 1.78, 95% CI 1.25 to 2.55). Among Asians malformations were common (3.36) and sudden infant death syndrome rare (1.18), in contrast to Afro-Caribbeans among whom the rates were 0.66 and 5.25, respectively. Logistic regression analysis demonstrated a significantly lower risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in Asians and significantly raised risks of SIDS in very low birthweight babies and those with unemployed parent(s). Ethnic differences persisted after controlling for maternal age, social class, and birth weight. Studies of sociocultural differences in child rearing practices are needed and may uncover important aetiological factors of sudden infant death syndrome.
D Kyle; R Sunderland; M Stonehouse; C Cummins; O Ross
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of disease in childhood     Volume:  65     ISSN:  1468-2044     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch. Dis. Child.     Publication Date:  1990 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1990-10-18     Completed Date:  1990-10-18     Revised Date:  2012-05-09    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372434     Medline TA:  Arch Dis Child     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  830-3     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Public Health Medicine, Edgbaston, Birmingham.
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MeSH Terms
Birth Rate
England / epidemiology,  ethnology
Ethnic Groups
Logistic Models
Maternal Age
Risk Factors
Social Class
Sudden Infant Death / epidemiology*

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