Document Detail

Ethnic differences in the home food environment and parental food practices among families of low-income Hispanic and African-American preschoolers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22262411     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The family and home environment are important in shaping the dietary patterns of children, yet research among low-income, minority groups is limited. We examined ethnic differences in the home food environment and parental practices among 706 low-income, African-American and Hispanic families of preschoolers. Questionnaires measured the access and availability of various foods in the home, parental practices, and meal consumption behaviors. Mixed model logistic regression and ANCOVA were used to assess ethnic differences. Unhealthy foods were available for both groups. Hispanic families were more likely to have fresh vegetables (AOR = 2.9, P ≤ 0.001), fruit (AOR = 2.0, P = 0.004), and soda available (AOR = 1.40, P = 0.001) compared to African-Americans. African-Americans families were more likely to restrict (AOR = 0.63, P ≤ 0.001) and reward with dessert (AOR = 0.69, P ≤ 0.001). Hispanic families consumed more family meals together (P = 0.003) and less meals in front of the television (P ≤ 0.006). Health promotion interventions should consider the behavioral differences between ethnicities.
Katherine Skala; Ru-Jye Chuang; Alexandra Evans; Ann-Marie Hedberg; Jayna Dave; Shreela Sharma
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of immigrant and minority health / Center for Minority Public Health     Volume:  14     ISSN:  1557-1920     ISO Abbreviation:  J Immigr Minor Health     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-15     Completed Date:  2013-12-10     Revised Date:  2014-05-09    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101256527     Medline TA:  J Immigr Minor Health     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1014-22     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
African Americans / psychology,  statistics & numerical data*
Child, Preschool
Cross-Sectional Studies
Family Characteristics
Feeding Behavior / ethnology
Food / statistics & numerical data
Food Habits / ethnology*,  psychology
Hispanic Americans / psychology,  statistics & numerical data*
Poverty / psychology,  statistics & numerical data*
Texas / epidemiology
Grant Support
#2 R25 CA57712/CA/NCI NIH HHS; R25 CA057712/CA/NCI NIH HHS; R25 CA057712-18/CA/NCI NIH HHS

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