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Ethnic Differences in the Home Food Environment and Parental Food Practices Among Families of Low-Income Hispanic and African-American Preschoolers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22262411     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The family and home environment are important in shaping the dietary patterns of children, yet research among low-income, minority groups is limited. We examined ethnic differences in the home food environment and parental practices among 706 low-income, African-American and Hispanic families of preschoolers. Questionnaires measured the access and availability of various foods in the home, parental practices, and meal consumption behaviors. Mixed model logistic regression and ANCOVA were used to assess ethnic differences. Unhealthy foods were available for both groups. Hispanic families were more likely to have fresh vegetables (AOR = 2.9, P ≤ 0.001), fruit (AOR = 2.0, P = 0.004), and soda available (AOR = 1.40, P = 0.001) compared to African-Americans. African-Americans families were more likely to restrict (AOR = 0.63, P ≤ 0.001) and reward with dessert (AOR = 0.69, P ≤ 0.001). Hispanic families consumed more family meals together (P = 0.003) and less meals in front of the television (P ≤ 0.006). Health promotion interventions should consider the behavioral differences between ethnicities.
Authors:
Katherine Skala; Ru-Jye Chuang; Alexandra Evans; Ann-Marie Hedberg; Jayna Dave; Shreela Sharma
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-1-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of immigrant and minority health / Center for Minority Public Health     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1557-1920     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-1-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101256527     Medline TA:  J Immigr Minor Health     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
School of Public Health, University of Texas Health Science Center, 7000 Fannin Ste. 2510I, Houston, TX, 77030, USA, Katherine.a.skala@Uth.tmc.edu.
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