Document Detail

Ethical considerations for discontinuing pacemakers and automatic implantable cardiac defibrillators at the end-of-life.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23403711     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: As the use of intracardiac devices has increased, the awareness of the burdens of the devices, especially the uncomfortable defibrillator shocks, has also increased. Some patients have requested device deactivation and some physicians have expressed reluctance to do so. This review will update physicians about the ethical acceptability of removal of intracardiac devices. RECENT FINDINGS: The American Heart Rhythm Society released a consensus statement about the ethical removal of intracardiac devices. Subsequent surveys of patients and physicians demonstrate significant misunderstandings about deactivation. SUMMARY: Physicians ought to initiate a deactivation conversation, ideally at the time of implantation. Sharing case studies about the deactivation process will enable physicians to enhance their ability to guide patients and family through thoughtful decision-making. Guidelines for deactivation should be promulgated throughout institutions that serve patients with intracardiac devices.
Cynthiane J Morgenweck
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-2-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current opinion in anaesthesiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1473-6500     ISO Abbreviation:  Curr Opin Anaesthesiol     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-2-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8813436     Medline TA:  Curr Opin Anaesthesiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Associate Clinical Professor of Bioethics and Medical Humanities, Center for Bioethics and Medical Humanities, Institute for Health and Society, Medical College of Wisconsin, Wisconsin, USA.
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