Document Detail

Ethical aspects arising from non-invasive fetal diagnosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18243828     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Non-invasive prenatal diagnosis (NIPD) could significantly change the framework for testing and screening in pregnancy. This chapter reviews the ethical implications of this technology, including current issues in prenatal diagnosis, implications for informed consent, possible non-medical uses and options for regulation. The prospect of NIPD normalising screening and termination in pregnancy is raised as a concern. NIPD will also require monitoring to ensure women are making well-informed decisions, given that a risk to the pregnancy is absent. The question of whether NIPD will reduce anxiety needs to be established and the prospect that it will increase terminations on the grounds of disability should be recognised. The offer of NIPD external to any clinical oversight might give rise to wider social sex selection, paternity testing or testing 'for information'. The value assumptions of these uses of NIPD need to be addressed.
Ainsley J Newson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Seminars in fetal & neonatal medicine     Volume:  13     ISSN:  1744-165X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2008 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-02-12     Completed Date:  2008-07-22     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101240003     Medline TA:  Semin Fetal Neonatal Med     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  103-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Centre for Ethics in Medicine, University of Bristol, 3rd Floor, Hampton House, Cotham Hill, Bristol BS6 6AU, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Genetic Counseling / ethics*
Informed Consent
Mass Screening / ethics
Prenatal Diagnosis / ethics*
Sex Determination (Analysis) / ethics

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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