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Estrogen reduces cellular aging in human mesenchymal stem cells and chondrocytes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21469181     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Chondrocyte aging is associated with cartilage degeneration and senescence impairs the regenerative potential of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). Estrogen exerts profound effects on human physiology including articular cartilage and MSCs. The present study should analyze the effects of pre- and postmenopausal estrogen concentrations on chondrogenic cells. Physiologic premenopausal concentrations of 17β-estradiol (E(2) ) significantly decelerated telomere attrition in MSCs and chondrocytes while postmenopausal E(2) concentration had no significant effects. The estrogen agonist-antagonist tamoxifen did not affect telomere biology, but inhibited the E(2) -stimulated reduction in telomere shortening. E(2) and tamoxifen did not influence cell proliferation, cell morphology, and β-galactosidase staining in chondrogenic cells. E(2) treatment did not affect the telomere-associated proteins TRF1 and TRF2. E(2) had no regulatory effects on the expression rates of the cell cycle regulator p21 and the DNA repair proteins SIRT1 and XRCC5. In spite of reducing telomere shortening in aging MSCs and chondrocytes, estrogen is not able to prevent somatic cells from replicative exhaustion and from finally entering senescence. The fade of telomere shortening under pre- to postmenopausal estrogen concentrations suggests, at least in part, a senescence-dependent cause for the onset of osteoarthritis in women after menopause. © 2011 Orthopaedic Research Society Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Orthop Res.
Authors:
Anita Breu; Benedikt Sprinzing; Katharina Merkl; Volker Bechmann; Richard Kujat; Zsuzsa Jenei-Lanzl; Lukas Prantl; Peter Angele
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-4-5
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of orthopaedic research : official publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1554-527X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-4-6     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8404726     Medline TA:  J Orthop Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Orthopaedic Research Society.
Affiliation:
Department of Anesthesiology, University Medical Center Regensburg, Franz-Josef-Strauss-Allee 11, 93042 Regensburg, Germany.
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