Document Detail

Estradiol reduces basal and cytokine induced monocyte adhesion to endothelial cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12034518     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of 17beta-estradiol (E2) on binding of monocytes to human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs) with or without cytokine induction. METHODS: Confluent monolayers of HAECs were incubated with or without E2 for 48 h prior to the monocyte adhesion assay. In studies with cytokines, 1 ng/ml tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), 20 U/ml interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) or both were added to the culture medium for the final 24 or 4 h. For the measurement of monocyte adhesion, 3H-thymidine labeled human THP-1 monocytes (4 x 10(5) cells per well) were added to the confluent monolayer of HAECs and incubated at 37 degrees C for 90 min. The unbound THP-1 cells were removed by gentle washing, and bound cells were digested with NaOH and quantified by measuring radioactivity. RESULTS: When HAECs were pretreated for 48 h with E2 the basal adhesion of THP-1 cells was reduced by an average of 28%. Estrogen significantly reduced cytokine-induced adhesion by 30-35% when the cytokines were added for 4 h. When the cytokine treatment was prolonged to 24 h, pretreatment of HAECs with E2 had no effect on THP-1 cell adhesion. CONCLUSIONS: E2 reduces basal and short-term cytokine induced monocyte binding to HAECs. Since monocyte adhesion to vascular endothelial cells is one of the initial steps in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, E2 may mediate vascular protection by reducing monocyte-endothelial cell binding in the early stages of atherogenesis.
Tomi S Mikkola; Richard W St Clair
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Maturitas     Volume:  41     ISSN:  0378-5122     ISO Abbreviation:  Maturitas     Publication Date:  2002 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-05-29     Completed Date:  2002-08-16     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7807333     Medline TA:  Maturitas     Country:  Ireland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  313-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pathology, Medical Center Boulevard, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC 27157, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Cell Adhesion
Cells, Cultured
Cytokines / pharmacology
Endothelium, Vascular / cytology*
Estradiol / pharmacology*
Monocytes / physiology*
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Cytokines; 50-28-2/Estradiol

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