Document Detail


Estimation of the pure-tone audiogram by the auditory brainstem response: a review.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9390836     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This review paper briefly considers how stimulus, noise masking and recording parameters affect the frequency and place specificity of auditory brainstem responses (ABRs) to air- and bone-conducted stimuli. Issues concerning the use of clicks for ABR threshold estimates will first be presented, followed by results for tone-evoked ABR thresholds and how well they predict the pure-tone behavioral audiogram. Noise-masking options (e.g. high-pass noise, notched noise and white noise) to improve the frequency specificity of tone-evoked ABRs, which are now available on clinical ABR units, will also be discussed. The goal of this article is to demonstrate that ABRs to tonal stimuli can be successfully recorded in most clinical environments and can provide reasonably accurate estimates of 500- to 4000-Hz pure-tone behavioral thresholds in infants, children and adults. Specific parameters and protocols for obtaining frequency-specific ABR threshold responses are provided.
Authors:
D R Stapells; P Oates
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Audiology & neuro-otology     Volume:  2     ISSN:  1420-3030     ISO Abbreviation:  Audiol. Neurootol.     Publication Date:    1997 Sep-Oct
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-02-19     Completed Date:  1998-02-19     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9606930     Medline TA:  Audiol Neurootol     Country:  SWITZERLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  257-80     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
School of Audiology and Speech Sciences, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada. stapells@audiospeech.ubc.ca
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Audiometry, Pure-Tone*
Auditory Threshold
Bone Conduction
Cochlea / physiopathology
Electroencephalography
Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem*
Hearing Loss, High-Frequency / diagnosis
Hearing Loss, Sensorineural / diagnosis*,  physiopathology
Humans
Noise
Perceptual Masking
Severity of Illness Index

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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