Document Detail


Estimation of early childhood mortality using preceding birth technique in a community-based setting.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8172467     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The preceding birth technique, an indirect method for estimating early childhood mortality based on ascertaining the survival of previous children, was applied in rural Ethiopia within a system of demographic surveillance. Trained community health workers acted as interviewers and transmission flow of the routine health information system was used for data reporting. Data were collected for a median 12 month period from 39 sampled villages of Ticho district in Arsi region. From 1064 mothers having at least a second birth, the proportion dead of the last birth was 0.138 (95% CI 0.117-0.150), corresponding approximately to the probability of dying between birth and age two. It approximates to an infant mortality rate of about 100 x 1000 live-births. From 974 mothers having at least a higher-order birth, the proportion dead of the second to last birth was 0.203 (95% CI 0.178-0.228), equivalent to the risk of dying between 0 and age 5. In spite of the progressive migration of the surveyed population, the process and the outcome of the study suggest that PBT may well be inserted into a primary health care information system run by trained community health workers.
The preceding birth technique, an indirect method for estimating early childhood mortality based on ascertaining the survival of previous children, was applied in rural Ethiopia within a system of demographic surveillance. Trained community health workers acted as interviewers and transmission flow of the routine health information system was used for data reporting. Data were collected for a median 12-month period from 39 sampled villages of Ticho district in Arsi region. From 1064 mothers having at least a second birth, the proportion dead of the last birth was 0.138 (95% CI 0.117-0.150), corresponding approximately to the probability of dying between birth and age two. It approximates to an infant mortality rate of about 100 per 1000 live births. From 974 mothers having at least a higher-order birth, the proportion dead of the second to last birth was 0.203 (95% CI 0.178-0.228), equivalent to the risk of dying between age 0 and age 5. In spite of the progressive migration of the surveyed population, the process and the outcome of the study suggest that PBT may well be inserted into a primary health care information system run by trained community health workers.
Authors:
E Materia; A Mele; W Mehari; F Rosmini; M A Stazi; H M Damen; G Miuccio; L Ferrigno; A Miozzo; G Basile
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annali dell'Istituto superiore di sanità     Volume:  29     ISSN:  0021-2571     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. Ist. Super. Sanita     Publication Date:  1993  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-06-01     Completed Date:  1994-06-01     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7502520     Medline TA:  Ann Ist Super Sanita     Country:  ITALY    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  465-7     Citation Subset:  IM; J    
Affiliation:
Laboratorio di Epidemiologia e Biostatistica, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Birth Order
Emigration and Immigration
Epidemiologic Methods*
Ethiopia / epidemiology
Female
Humans
Infant
Infant Mortality*
Infant, Newborn
Life Tables
Male
Maternal Health Services
Population Surveillance / methods*
Survival Rate

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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