Document Detail


Estimation of equivalent noise exposure level using hearing threshold levels of a population.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19194295     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: Noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) is costly in both human and economic terms. One means of reducing NIHL is to apply engineering controls to hazardous noise sources. To trade off the cost of engineering controls against the total direct monetary costs incurred by NIHL, a means of predicting the amount of NIHL that will be incurred over the life-cycle of a hazardous noise source is necessary. A widely known algorithm for the prediction of NIHL is published in ANSI S3.44-1996. However, the algorithm inputs, noise exposure level and duration, may be difficult to determine in some cases. This paper describes the conceptual basis of an approach for using ANSI S3.44-1996 to predict hearing thresholds in a population even when noise exposure levels and durations are not precisely known, and demonstrates the initial application of this approach to a single military population. DESIGN: Retrospective data were obtained on the hearing-threshold levels, demographic characteristics, and noise exposure history of 250 male U.S. Navy machinists' mates. A maximum-likelihood fitting procedure was developed in which the noise level input to the algorithm was varied in order to determine the noise level that best accounted for all of the data. RESULTS: The maximum likelihood fitting produced a value for the noise level input of approximately 93 dBA, with a standard error of approximately 0.3. The low standard error virtually eliminates any estimate above 94 or below 92 dBA, and indicates that a good fit to the data was achieved. CONCLUSIONS: This research demonstrates the feasibility of calibrating the algorithm to an individual population, even when noise exposure level or duration is not precisely known. Future work will focus on validating and generalizing this approach so that it may be used to predict hearing-threshold levels in various populations. Such an approach may be used in calculating potential cost savings in compensable hearing loss due to the application of noise control solutions.
Authors:
Jennifer B Tufts; Paul K Weathersby; Lynne Marshall
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ear and hearing     Volume:  30     ISSN:  1538-4667     ISO Abbreviation:  Ear Hear     Publication Date:  2009 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-06-16     Completed Date:  2010-09-29     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8005585     Medline TA:  Ear Hear     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  287-90     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Communication Sciences, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269, USA. jennifer.tufts@uconn.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Algorithms
Auditory Threshold*
Cost Savings
Feasibility Studies
Health Care Costs
Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced* / diagnosis,  economics,  epidemiology
Humans
Male
Military Personnel / statistics & numerical data*
Noise / adverse effects
Noise, Occupational / statistics & numerical data*
Occupational Exposure / statistics & numerical data*
Predictive Value of Tests
Prevalence
Retrospective Studies
United States
United States Department of Veterans Affairs / economics,  statistics & numerical data

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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