Document Detail


Estimating shipping emissions in the region of the Sea of Marmara, Turkey.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17976688     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Ship emissions are significantly increasing globally and have remarkable impact on air quality on sea and land. These emissions contribute serious adverse health and environmental effects. Territorial waters, inland seas and ports are the regions most affected by ship emissions. As an inland sea the Sea of Marmara is an area that has too much ship traffic. Since the region of the Marmara is highly urbanized, emissions from ships affect human health and the overall environment. In this paper exhaust gas emissions from ships in the Sea of Marmara and the Turkish Straits are calculated by utilizing the data acquired in 2003. Main engine types, fuel types, operations types, navigation times and speeds of vessels are taken into consideration in the study. Total emissions from ships in the study area were estimated as 5,451,224 t y(-1) for CO(2), 111,039 t y(-1) for NO(x), 87,168 t y(-1) for SO(2), 20,281 t y(-1) for CO, 5801 t y(-1) for VOC, 4762 t y(-1) for PM. The shipping emissions in the region are equivalent to 11% of NO(x) 0.1% of CO and 0.12% of PM of the corresponding total emissions in Turkey. The shipping emissions in the area are 46% of NO(x), 25% of PM and 1.5% of CO of road traffic emissions in Turkey data between which and correspond to a higher level than aircraft emissions and rail emissions in Turkey.
Authors:
Cengiz Deniz; Yalçin Durmuşoğlu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2007-10-31
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Science of the total environment     Volume:  390     ISSN:  0048-9697     ISO Abbreviation:  Sci. Total Environ.     Publication Date:  2008 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-12-10     Completed Date:  2008-02-26     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0330500     Medline TA:  Sci Total Environ     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  255-61     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Marine Engineering, Maritime Faculty, Istanbul Technical University, 34940 Tuzla, Istanbul, Turkey. denizc@itu.edu.tr
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Air Pollutants / analysis*
Carbon Dioxide / analysis
Carbon Monoxide / analysis
Environmental Monitoring
Nitrogen Oxides / analysis
Oceans and Seas
Organic Chemicals / analysis
Particulate Matter / analysis
Ships*
Sulfur Dioxide / analysis
Turkey
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Air Pollutants; 0/Nitrogen Oxides; 0/Organic Chemicals; 0/Particulate Matter; 124-38-9/Carbon Dioxide; 630-08-0/Carbon Monoxide; 7446-09-5/Sulfur Dioxide

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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