Document Detail


Estimates of early-industrial inputs of nutrients to river systems: implication for coastal eutrophication.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10635589     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Although coastal eutrophication is generally recognised as a recent phenomenon related to the well-documented increase in riverine nutrient delivery during the last 30 or 40 years, a few historical records paradoxically show that, in some places like the Southern Bight of the North Sea, or the Northern Adriatic, algal proliferation as intense as presently observed was already regularly occurring at the end of the 19th century. Estimated riverine nutrient loads from diffuse sources or from domestic point sources of waste water at that time are too low to account for these observations. We attempted a retrospective evaluation of the possible contribution of industrial activity to nutrient river loading. The figures indicate that, by the end of the last century, large scale use of traditional processes in textile and paper industries, in tanneries, candles factories and others was responsible for a dominant part of the nutrient load carried by rivers in Western Europe and could have caused nutrient inputs to coastal zones similar to the present ones.
Authors:
G Billen; J Garnier; C Deligne; C Billen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Science of the total environment     Volume:  243-244     ISSN:  0048-9697     ISO Abbreviation:  Sci. Total Environ.     Publication Date:  1999 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-02-04     Completed Date:  2000-02-04     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0330500     Medline TA:  Sci Total Environ     Country:  NETHERLANDS    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  43-52     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
UMR-CNRS 7619 Sisyphe, University of Paris VI, France. gbillen@biogeodis.jussieu.fr
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Algae / growth & development
Animals
Europe
Fresh Water / analysis*
Industrial Waste*
Paper
Seawater / analysis*
Tanning
Textiles
Water Pollution, Chemical*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Industrial Waste

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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