Document Detail


Estimated dietary exposure to principal food mycotoxins from the first French Total Diet Study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16019841     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study reports estimates on dietary exposure from the first French Total Diet Study (FTDS) and compares these estimates with both existing tolerable daily intakes for these toxins and the intakes calculated during previous French studies. To estimate the dietary exposure of the French population to the principal mycotoxins in the French diet (as consumed), 456 composite samples were prepared from 2280 individual samples and analysed for aflatoxins, ochratoxin A, trichothecenes, zearalenone, fumonisins and patulin. Average and high percentile intakes were calculated taking account of different eating patterns for adults, children and vegetarians. The results showed that contaminant levels observed in the foods examined 'as consumed' complied fully with current European legislation. However, particular attention needs to be paid to the exposure of specific population groups, such as children and vegans/macrobiotics, who could be exposed to certain mycotoxins in quantities that exceed the tolerable or weekly daily intake levels. This observation is particularly relevant with respect to ochratoxin A, deoxynivalenol and zearalenone. For these mycotoxins, cereals and cereal products were the main contributors to high exposure.
Authors:
J-C Leblanc; A Tard; J-L Volatier; P Verger
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Food additives and contaminants     Volume:  22     ISSN:  0265-203X     ISO Abbreviation:  Food Addit Contam     Publication Date:  2005 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-07-15     Completed Date:  2005-09-29     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8500474     Medline TA:  Food Addit Contam     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  652-72     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Institut National de Recherche Agronomique, Mét@risk, Unité de méthodologie d'analyse du risque alimentaire, INA-PG, 16 rue Claude Bernard, F-75005 Paris, France. jleblanc@inapg.inra.fr
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aflatoxins / analysis
Child
Diet*
Diet, Vegetarian
Environmental Exposure
Food Contamination
Food Habits
Food Microbiology*
France
Fumonisins / analysis
Humans
Mycotoxins / administration & dosage,  analysis*
Ochratoxins / analysis
Patulin / analysis
Trichothecenes / analysis
Zearalenone / analysis
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Aflatoxins; 0/Fumonisins; 0/Mycotoxins; 0/Ochratoxins; 0/Trichothecenes; 149-29-1/Patulin; 17924-92-4/Zearalenone; 23282-20-4/nivalenol; 303-47-9/ochratoxin A; 51481-10-8/deoxynivalenol

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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