Document Detail

Estimate of total salt intake in two regions of Belgium through analysis of sodium in 24-h urine samples.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20717132     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate total salt intake in the adult population through an analysis of sodium in 24-h urine samples in two regions of Belgium.
METHODS: Urine samples were collected over 24 h from participants and they had to complete a specific questionnaire about salt intake afterwards. Sodium and creatinine concentrations were analysed in these samples.
SUBJECTS: The target population comprised adults aged 45-65 years in the region of Ghent and Liege. A total of 123 and 157 volunteers from Ghent and Liege, respectively, were included in the study.
RESULTS: The mean creatinine level in Flanders (n=114) amounted to 0.173±0.035 mmol/kg/day, whereas in the Walloon region (n=135) it amounted to 0.161±0.036 mmol/kg/day, after the exclusion of subjects with incomplete urine collection. Intake of sodium in Flanders (n=114) was 4.29±1.29 g/day, whereas in the Walloon region (n=135) it was 3.94±1.44 g/day. In both regions, sodium intake in men was higher than in women.
CONCLUSION: Salt intake was more or less twice as high as the recommended intake. Salt intake as estimated from 24-h urine collections is substantially higher than that previously calculated on the basis of food consumption data. A salt reduction programme for Belgium is primordial.
S Vandevijvere; W De Keyzer; J-P Chapelle; D Jeanne; G Mouillet; I Huybrechts; P Hulshof; H Van Oyen
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-08-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of clinical nutrition     Volume:  64     ISSN:  1476-5640     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Clin Nutr     Publication Date:  2010 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-03     Completed Date:  2011-09-06     Revised Date:  2014-07-30    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804070     Medline TA:  Eur J Clin Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1260-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Creatinine / urine
Middle Aged
Nutrition Policy
Sex Factors
Sodium / urine*
Sodium Chloride, Dietary / administration & dosage*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Sodium Chloride, Dietary; 9NEZ333N27/Sodium; AYI8EX34EU/Creatinine

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