Document Detail


Establishment of T-Helper-2 immune response based gerbil model of enteric infection.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15370689     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: The reciprocal antagonism of T-helper-1 (Th-1) and Th-2 type immune responses suggests that helminth parasitic infection may ameliorate disease where a Th-1 type response dominates. The Mongolian gerbil has been useful in the investigation of the pathogenesis of gastric cancer, since long-term infection of gerbils with Helicobacter pylori induces adenocarcinoma. In this study the kinetics of worm expulsion and associated immune responses in gerbils infected with Trichinella spiralis were investigated in an attempt to establish an animal model of parasitic infection that could be helpful when investigating the effect of a Th-2 type response on Th-1-based intestinal disorders. METHODS: Gerbils were infected with various doses of infective T. spiralis larvae and were euthanized on different days after infection to investigate the intestinal worm recovery, goblet cell population, eosinophil response and serum IgG1 responses. RESULTS: The number of worms recovered from the intestine was dependent on the number of larvae used for the infection. Almost all worms were expelled spontaneously by day 26 post-infection, when the gerbils had been infected with 375 or 750 larvae. The number of intestinal goblet cells, eosinophils and the serum IgG1 level significantly increased following infection compared with the control. CONCLUSION: This is the first comprehensive report on the time-course of T. spiralis infection in gerbils. The data indicate that the T. spiralis-infected gerbil could be used as a model of the Th-2-based response to investigate the effect of a parasite-induced Th-2 response on various Th-1-mediated intestinal disorders such as H. pylori-induced gastritis and gastric carcinoma.
Authors:
M Sagar; I Padol; W I Khan; R P Bonin; P A Blennerhassett; R H Hunt
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Scandinavian journal of gastroenterology     Volume:  39     ISSN:  0036-5521     ISO Abbreviation:  Scand. J. Gastroenterol.     Publication Date:  2004 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-09-16     Completed Date:  2005-04-05     Revised Date:  2009-11-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0060105     Medline TA:  Scand J Gastroenterol     Country:  Norway    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  668-73     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Intestinal Disease Research Programme, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Disease Models, Animal*
Gerbillinae*
Immunoglobulin G / blood
Intestine, Small / immunology,  parasitology,  pathology
Th1 Cells / physiology*
Th2 Cells / physiology*
Time Factors
Trichinella spiralis*
Trichinellosis / immunology*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Immunoglobulin G

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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