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Essential Oils in the Ranunculaceae Family: Chemical Composition of Hydrodistilled Oils from Consolida regalis, Delphinium elatum, Nigella hispanica, and N. nigellastrum Seeds.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22253112     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In this study, we analyzed the chemical composition of volatile oils hydrodistilled from seeds of Consolida regalis, Delphinium elatum, Nigella hispanica, and N. nigellastrum using GC and GC/MS. In C. regalis, octadecenoic (77.79%) and hexadecanoic acid (8.34%) were the main constituents. Similarly, the oils from D. elatum and N. hispanica seeds consisted chiefly of octadecadienoic (42.83 and 35.58%, resp.), hexadecanoic (23.87 and 28.59%, resp.), and octadecenoic acid (21.67 and 19.76%, resp.). Contrastingly, the monoterpene hydrocarbons α-pinene (34.67%) and β-pinene (36.42%) were the main components of N. nigellastrum essential oil. Our results confirm the presence of essential oils in the family Ranunculaceae and suggest chemotaxonomical relationships within the representatives of the genera Consolida, Delphinium, and Nigella. In addition, the presence of various bioactive constituents such as linoleic acid, (-)-β-pinene, squalene, or carotol in seeds of D. elatum, N. hispanica, and N. nigellastrum indicates a possible industrial use of these plants.
Authors:
Ladislav Kokoska; Klara Urbanova; Pavel Kloucek; Lenka Nedorostova; Lucie Polesna; Jan Malik; Pavel Jiros; Jaroslav Havlik; Jaroslav Vadlejch; Irena Valterova
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chemistry & biodiversity     Volume:  9     ISSN:  1612-1880     ISO Abbreviation:  Chem. Biodivers.     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-01-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101197449     Medline TA:  Chem Biodivers     Country:  Switzerland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  151-61     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Verlag Helvetica Chimica Acta AG, Zürich.
Affiliation:
Department of Crop Sciences and Agroforestry, Institute of Tropics and Subtropics, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Kamycka 129, CZ-165 21 Prague 6-Suchdol; Department of Zoology and Fisheries, Faculty of Agrobiology, Food and Natural Resources, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Kamycka 129, CZ-165 21 Prague 6-Suchdol.
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