Document Detail

Esophageal tracheobronchoplasty for diseases of the central airway.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8691856     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Three infants with congenital tracheal stenosis and three adults with various diseases of the central airway underwent esophageal tracheobronchoplasty to repair long-segment stenoses and defects. The primary operative goal was enlargement of the stenosis (n = 4), repair of the defect (n = 1), or both (n = 1). Cardiopulmonary support was required in two cases. All three infants were operated on for generalized congenital tracheal stenoses. There was one postoperative death on the fifth day. Another infant died of pneumonia 3 months after operation. Tracheal patency was excellent in two infants. One infant is well without symptoms 6 years after the operation, although balloon dilation was required three times during the first postoperative year. In the three adult patients, the primary diseases were congenital tracheal stenosis, iatrogenic injury associated with relapsing polychondritis, and malignant mediastinal tumor involving the trachea. All lesions involved both the trachea and main stem bronchi. Postoperative airway patency was excellent in all three adults, although expandable metallic stents had to be inserted in one patient. Postoperative pulmonary function was improved, particularly forced expiratory volume in 1 second and peak expiratory flow rate. Although the postoperative mortality rate was still high, especially among the infants, and prolonged postoperative ventilatory support was required for five of the six patients, long-term patency and postoperative pulmonary functional improvement are encouraging.
H Niwa; A Masaoka; Y Yamakawa; F Hara; K Kondo; I Fukai; M Kiriyama; S Kondo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery     Volume:  112     ISSN:  0022-5223     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg.     Publication Date:  1996 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-08-23     Completed Date:  1996-08-23     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376343     Medline TA:  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  124-9     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Second Department of Surgery, Nagoya City University, Medical School, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Respiratory Function Tests
Trachea / surgery*
Tracheal Diseases / physiopathology,  surgery*
Tracheal Stenosis / congenital,  physiopathology,  surgery*
Treatment Outcome
Comment In:
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1997 Apr;113(4):810   [PMID:  9105000 ]

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