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Esophageal necrosis after endoprosthesis for ruptured thoracoabdominal aneurysm type I: can long-segment stent grafting of the thoracoabdominal aorta induce transmural necrosis?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21035714     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
BACKGROUND: To study the pathophysiology of esophageal necrosis after endoprosthesis was performed for a ruptured aneurysm and to define preventive measures and possible treatment options.
METHOD: A 72-year-old man with thoracoabdominal aneurysm type I and dysphagia underwent an emergent carotico-carotid bypass in combination with thoracic endovascular aortic aneurysm repair starting at a point distal to the brachiocephalic trunk and ending proximal to the superior mesenteric artery. On day 12, a decortication was performed for treating an infection in the remaining hematoma. However, further deterioration occurred as a result of mediastinitis secondary to the transmural necrosis of the middle third of the esophagus combined with accompanying mediastinitis. The patient's family refused to give consent for further treatment by esophagectomy. He died 24 days after the initial operation.
CONCLUSION: Dysphagia aortica, mucosal abnormalities on esophagogastroscopy, and mediastinal compression by hematoma at the time of rupture draws our attention toward ischemia of the esophagus after thoracic endovascular aortic aneurysm repair. Repeated esophagoscopy can provide us with the opportunity to act before full thickness necrosis and mediastinitis occur.
Herbert De Praetere; Philip Lerut; Mertens Johan; Kim Daenens; Sabrina Houthoofd; Inge Fourneau; Geert Maleux; Toni Lerut; Andre Nevelsteen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of vascular surgery     Volume:  24     ISSN:  1615-5947     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann Vasc Surg     Publication Date:  2010 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-01     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8703941     Medline TA:  Ann Vasc Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1137.e7-12     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Annals of Vascular Surgery Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Department of Vascular Surgery, University Hospitals Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.
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