Document Detail


Esophageal foreign bodies in dogs: 34 cases (2004-2009).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23016814     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the clinical and radiographic signs, endoscopic findings, treatment, and outcome for dogs that present with esophageal foreign bodies (EFBs), and to identify factors associated with the severity of secondary esophagitis and length of hospitalization (LOH).
DESIGN: Retrospective case series.
SETTING: Private referral veterinary center.
ANIMALS: Client-owned dogs.
INTERVENTIONS: None.
MEASUREMENTS: Medical records for 34 client-owned dogs with EFBs that had esophageal radiographs and that had undergone esophagoscopy were evaluated retrospectively. Information regarding clinical history, radiographic signs, findings at esophagoscopy, and outcome were recorded.
RESULTS: The most common EFBs were bone (29.7%) and rawhides (29.7%). The median duration of clinical signs prior to initial presentation was 2.75 hours. Radiographically, EFBs were identified definitively in 30 dogs and questionably in 1. The most common location was in the caudal esophagus (59.3%). Esophagitis was not identified in 6 dogs; and was assessed as mild in 14, moderate in 9, and severe in 4. In 1 dog the degree of esophagitis could not be determined due to the presence of contrast agent. Dogs with longer duration of clinical signs and longer anesthesia times were more likely to have moderate or severe esophagitis. Median LOH was 19 hours. Dogs with longer duration of clinical signs, EFBs located in the caudal esophagus, and moderate or severe esophagitis had longer hospital stays. No dogs experienced long-term complications. Complication rate was 82.5% with 8 patients having more than 1 complication.
CONCLUSIONS: While long-term prognosis is excellent, early intervention helps reduce short-term esophagitis and LOH.
Authors:
Holly C Thompson; Yonaira Cortes; Kristi Gannon; Dennis Bailey; Sean Freer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of veterinary emergency and critical care (San Antonio, Tex. : 2001)     Volume:  22     ISSN:  1476-4431     ISO Abbreviation:  J Vet Emerg Crit Care (San Antonio)     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-09-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101152804     Medline TA:  J Vet Emerg Crit Care (San Antonio)     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  253-61     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care Society 2012.
Affiliation:
From the Oradell Animal Hospital, Paramus, NJ, 07652.
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