Document Detail

Escherichia coli septicemia associated with lack of maternally acquired immunity in a bottlenose dolphin calf.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17197629     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Stillbirth and neonatal mortality are substantial problems in captive bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus). The cause of these problems often is unknown. We report a case of Escherichia coli septicemia in a male 3-day-old bottlenose dolphin calf. Lesions included omphalitis, synovitis, and hepatic necrosis associated with the presence of Gram-negative bacilli. E. coli was isolated in pure culture from multiple organs. A serum gammaglobulin level of 1.5 g/L indicated a lack of maternally acquired immunity. The observed failure to nurse may have resulted from brain injury due to perinatal asphyxia. Evidence for perinatal asphyxia was the diffuse presence of a moderate amount of meconium in the lungs.
C E van Elk; M W G van Dep Bildt; B E E Martina; A D M E Osterhaus; T Kuiken
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Veterinary pathology     Volume:  44     ISSN:  0300-9858     ISO Abbreviation:  Vet. Pathol.     Publication Date:  2007 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-01-01     Completed Date:  2007-03-02     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0312020     Medline TA:  Vet Pathol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  88-92     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Virology, Erasmus Medical Center, PO Box 1738, 3000 DR, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Animals, Newborn
Bacteremia / immunology,  microbiology,  veterinary*
Bottle-Nosed Dolphin / immunology*
Escherichia coli / immunology*
Escherichia coli Infections / immunology,  microbiology,  veterinary*
Fatal Outcome
Histocytochemistry / veterinary
Immunity, Maternally-Acquired / immunology
Lung / immunology,  microbiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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