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The Escherichia coli heat-labile enterotoxin B subunit protects from allergic airway disease development by inducing CD4(+) regulatory T cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23032791     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The B subunit of E. coli heat-labile enterotoxin (EtxB) protects against the development of T helper type 1 (Th1)-mediated autoimmune pathologies in mice. Protection was transferable with splenic CD4(+) T cells and was less effective following CD25 depletion; implying a T regulatory cell (Treg)-mediated process. We hypothesized that if this were the case, then EtxB would also control a Th2-mediated disorder. We tested the effect of EtxB treatment on asthma development in ovalbumin (OVA)-sensitized mice. EtxB treatment diminished eosinophilia in bronchoalveolar lavage samples, reduced OVA-specific immunoglobulin E and interleukin 4 production locally and systemically, and reduced airway hyper-reactivity. EtxB induced a dose-dependent increase in Foxp3(+)CD4(+) T cells, and adoptive transfer of splenic CD4(+) T cells partially suppressed lung pathology. Importantly, EtxB treatment increased OVA-specific CD4(+)Foxp3(+) T cells in the lung and systemically. These data demonstrate that EtxB modulates the differentiation of allergen-specific T cells causing inducible Treg induction and preventing disease.Mucosal Immunology advance online publication 3 October 2012. doi:10.1038/mi.2012.93.
D S Donaldson; M Apostolaki; H K Bone; C M Richards; N A Williams
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-03
Journal Detail:
Title:  Mucosal immunology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1935-3456     ISO Abbreviation:  Mucosal Immunol     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101299742     Medline TA:  Mucosal Immunol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Cellular and Molecular Medicine, School of Medical Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK.
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