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Erythropoietin attenuated vascular dysfunction and inflammation by inhibiting NADPH oxidase-derived superoxide production in nitric oxide synthase-inhibited hypertensive rat aorta.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22796671     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Erythropoietin (EPO), used clinically for renal anemia, reportedly exerts beneficial pleiotropic effects in various tissues. Recent studies suggest that nitric oxide (NO) plays an important role in EPO-induced tissue protection. The present study investigated whether recombinant human EPO (rHuEPO) exhibits vasoprotective effects even in the NO synthase-inhibited state. Rats that received a NO synthase inhibitor, N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), in drinking water (0.7mg/ml) were treated with rHuEPO (75U/kg, s.c.) three times a week for 2 weeks. The administration of rHuEPO to L-NAME-treated rats had no effect on hematocrit values or increased blood pressure. Vasodilation in response to acetylcholine in the aortic ring was impaired in the L-NAME-treated rats, and improved by rHuEPO. Immunohistochemical staining revealed that infiltration by macrophages and expression of osteopontin were enhanced in the L-NAME-treated rat aorta, and the overexpression was suppressed by rHuEPO. rHuEPO also attenuated medial hyperplasia. Activation of Akt signaling was evident in rHuEPO-treated rats as the increased expression of phosphorylated Akt. rHuEPO enhanced the expression of antioxidant enzymes such as Cu/Zn-superoxide dismutase and heme oxygenase-1 in the aorta. In addition, rHuEPO reduced NADPH oxidase-dependent superoxide production and enhanced the expression of suppressor of cytokine signaling-1(SOCS-1) in the L-NAME-treated rat aorta. These results suggest that a low dose of rHuEPO results in the normalization of endothelial function and vascular inflammation beyond hematopoiesis even in a pharmacologically NO synthase-inhibited state. These effects might be due to the antioxidant properties of rHuEPO. SOCS-1 overexpression would play an important role in suppressing NADPH oxidase activation.
Authors:
Hiroe Toba; Yushi Kojima; Jiahong Wang; Kazuki Noda; Tian Wei; Miyuki Kobara; Tetsuo Nakata
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of pharmacology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-0712     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1254354     Medline TA:  Eur J Pharmacol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier B.V.
Affiliation:
Department of Clinical Pharmacology Division of Pathological Sciences 1 Misasagi Shichono-cho Yamashina-ku Kyoto 607-8412 Japan.
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