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Erythrocyte and reticulocyte indices in the assessment of erythropoiesis activity and iron availability.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23033935     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
INTRODUCTION: Consequence of the imbalance between the erythroid marrow iron requirements and the actual supply is a reduction in red cell hemoglobin content, which causes hypochromic mature red cells and reticulocytes. Sysmex XE 5000 analyzer (Sysmex Corporation, Kobe, Japan) reports reticulocyte hemoglobin equivalent (Ret-He) and the percentages of erythrocyte subsets, including the hypochromic fraction (%Hypo-He). We study the value of these parameters of hemoglobinization in the evaluation of erythropoiesis and iron availability. METHODS: Ninety healthy subjects, 85 patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and 65 patients on dialysis (HD) receiving therapy and 91 patients with iron deficiency (IDA) were analyzed. Pearson's correlation, t-test for independent, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis were utilized. RESULTS: The results in the IDA group reflected the state of iron depletion (low ferritin), low iron availability (low MCH and high percentage of hypochromic red cells (%Hypo-He)), and iron-restricted erythropoiesis (low Ret-He). In the HD and CKD, the reticulocyte percentage showed the increased erythropoiesis, maintained due to treatment (Ret-He over 30 pg) and good iron availability, MCH within reference range and %Hypo-He slightly increased. The results of ROC curves analysis for the diagnosis of iron deficiency (gold standard sTfR > 21 nm) were as follows: Ret-He area under curve (AUC) 0.935 cutoff 29.8 pg, sensitivity 90.7%, specificity 83.1%. % Hypo-He AUC 0.925 cutoff 3.5%, sensitivity 87.3%, specificity 88.0%. CONCLUSIONS: Percentage of hypochromic red cells and Ret-He provide information about individual cell characteristics, so the hypochromic cells are detected and quantitated improving the evaluation of erythropoiesis and iron status.
Authors:
E Urrechaga; L Borque; J F Escanero
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of laboratory hematology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1751-553X     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Lab Hematol     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101300213     Medline TA:  Int J Lab Hematol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Affiliation:
Haematology Laboratory, Hospital Galdakao - Usansolo, Galdakao, Vizcaya, Spain.
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