Document Detail


Equipotent inhibition of fatty acid amide hydrolase and monoacylglycerol lipase - dual targets of the endocannabinoid system to protect against seizure pathology.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22270809     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Advances in the understanding of the endogenous cannabinoid system have led to several therapeutic indications for new classes of compounds that enhance cannabinergic responses. Endocannabinoid levels are elevated during pathogenic conditions, and inhibitors of endocannabinoid inactivation promote such on-demand responses. The endocannabinoids anandamide and 2-arachidonoyl glycerol have been implicated in protective signaling against excitotoxic episodes, including seizures. To better understand modulatory pathways that can exploit such responses, we used the new generation compound AM6701 that blocks both the anandamide-deactivating enzyme fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) and the 2-arachidonoyl glycerol-deactivating enzyme monoacylglycerol lipase (MAGL) with equal potency. Also studied was the structural isomer AM6702 which is 44-fold more potent for inhibiting FAAH versus MAGL. When applied before and during kainic acid (KA) exposure to cultured hippocampal slices, AM6701 protected against the resulting excitotoxic events of calpain-mediated cytoskeletal damage, loss of presynaptic and postsynaptic proteins, and pyknotic changes in neurons. The equipotent inhibitor was more effective than its close relative AM6702 at protecting against the neurodegenerative cascade assessed in the slice model. In vivo, AM6701 was also the more effective compound for reducing the severity of KA-induced seizures and protecting against behavioral deficits linked to seizure damage. Corresponding with the behavioral improvements, cytoskeletal and synaptic protection was elicited by AM6701, as found in the KA-treated hippocampal slice model. It is proposed that the influence of AM6701 on FAAH and MAGL exerts a synergistic action on the endocannabinoid system, thereby promoting the protective nature of cannabinergic signaling to offset excitotoxic brain injury.
Authors:
Vinogran Naidoo; David A Karanian; Subramanian K Vadivel; Johnathan R Locklear; JodiAnne T Wood; Mahmoud Nasr; Pamela Marie P Quizon; Emily E Graves; Vidyanand Shukla; Alexandros Makriyannis; Ben A Bahr
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neurotherapeutics : the journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics     Volume:  9     ISSN:  1878-7479     ISO Abbreviation:  Neurotherapeutics     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-25     Completed Date:  2013-06-19     Revised Date:  2013-10-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101290381     Medline TA:  Neurotherapeutics     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  801-13     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Biotechnology Research and Training Center, William C. Friday Laboratory, University of North Carolina Pembroke, Pembroke, North Carolina 28372, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Amidohydrolases / antagonists & inhibitors*
Animals
Convulsants / toxicity
Endocannabinoids / metabolism*
Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology
Hippocampus / drug effects,  enzymology
Immunoblotting
Male
Monoacylglycerol Lipases / antagonists & inhibitors*
Neurons / drug effects,  enzymology*
Organ Culture Techniques
Rats
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Seizures / enzymology*
Tetrazoles / toxicity
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
DA07215/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; R25 GM077634/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS; R44 DA023737/DA/NIDA NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/AM 6701; 0/Convulsants; 0/Endocannabinoids; 0/Enzyme Inhibitors; 0/Tetrazoles; EC 3.1.1.23/Monoacylglycerol Lipases; EC 3.5.-/Amidohydrolases; EC 3.5.1.-/fatty-acid amide hydrolase
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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