Document Detail

Equilibrium radionuclide angiocardiography prior to elective abdominal aortic surgery.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2037089     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Equilibrium radionuclide angiocardiography (ERNA) was employed preoperatively in 183 patients undergoing elective abdominal aortic reconstruction to measure left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and to detect abnormal regional wall movement. Abnormal ejection fractions were virtually confined to the 97 patients who had clinical, electrocardiographic or radiographic evidence of heart disease. An operative mortality of 8.7% was recorded. Major cardiac events (defined as myocardial infarction, cardiac failure or malignant ventricular arrhythmia) occurred in 15 of 86 abdominal aortic aneurysm patients (17.4%) and six of 96 (6.25%) patients with aorto-iliac occlusive disease. Patients with an abdominal aortic aneurysm and abnormal LVEF or regional wall motion abnormality were more likely to suffer a cardiac event (p less than 0.001), the event rate exceeding 60% in patients whose LVEF was less than 35%. An abnormal LVEF failed to predict a cardiac event in patients with aorto-iliac occlusive disease. While not indicated in patients lacking clinical evidence of heart disease, ERNA can refine the assessment of cardiac risk, particularly in patients with previous myocardial infarction and define a high risk group in whom aortic reconstruction should be avoided except for the most compelling of indications.
P J Matley; E J Immelman; A Horak; P J Commerford
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of vascular surgery     Volume:  5     ISSN:  0950-821X     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Vasc Surg     Publication Date:  1991 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-07-03     Completed Date:  1991-07-03     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8709440     Medline TA:  Eur J Vasc Surg     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  187-93     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Surgery, University of Cape Town, Observatory, South Africa.
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MeSH Terms
Aorta, Abdominal / surgery
Aortic Aneurysm / surgery*
Aortic Diseases / surgery*
Arterial Occlusive Diseases / surgery*
Blood Vessel Prosthesis*
Gated Blood-Pool Imaging*
Heart Failure / epidemiology
Middle Aged
Myocardial Infarction / epidemiology
Postoperative Complications / epidemiology*
Preoperative Care
Risk Factors
Ventricular Function, Left / physiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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