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Equilibrium Acidities and Homolytic Bond Dissociation Enthalpies of the Acidic C-H Bonds in P-(Para-substituted benzyl)triphenylphosphonium Cations and Related Cations.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11667288     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Equilibrium acidities (pK(HA)) of six P-(para-substituted benzyl)triphenylphosphonium (p-GC(6)H(4)CH(2)PPh(3)(+)) cations, P-allyltriphenylphosphonium cation, P-cinnamyltriphenylphosphonium cation, and As-(p-cyanobenzyl)triphenylarsonium cation, together with the oxidation potentials [E(ox)(A(-))] of their conjugate anions (ylides) have been measured in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) solution. The acidifying effects of the alpha-triphenylphosphonium groups on the acidic C-H bonds in toluene and propene were found to be ca 25 pK(HA) units (34 kcal/mol). Introduction of an electron-withdrawing group such as 4-NO(2), 4-CN, or 4-Br into the para position of the benzyl ring in p-GC(6)H(4)CH(2)PPh(3)(+) cations resulted in an additional acidity increase, but introduction of the 4-OEt electron-donating group decreases the acidity. The equilibrium acidities of p-GC(6)H(4)CH(2)PPh(3)(+) cations were nicely linearly correlated with the Hammett sigma(-) constants of the substituents (G) with a slope of 4.78 pK(HA) units (R(2) = 0.992) (Figure 1). Reversible oxidation potentials of the P-(para-substituted benzyl)triphenylphosphonium ylides were obtained by fast scan cyclic voltammetry. The homolytic bond dissociation enthalpies (BDEs) of the acidic C-H bonds in these cations, estimated by combining their equilibrium acidities with the oxidation potentials of their corresponding conjugate anions, showed that the alpha-Ph(3)P(+) groups have negligible stabilizing or destabilizing effects on the adjacent radicals. The equilibrium acidity of As-(p-cyanobenzyl)triphenylarsonium cation is 4 pK(HA) units weaker than that of P-(p-cyanobenzyl)triphenylphosphonium cation, but the BDE of the acidic C-H bond in As-(p-cyanobenzyl)triphenylarsonium cation is ca 2 kcal/mol higher than that in P-(p-cyanobenzyl)triphenylphosphonium cation.
Xian-Man Zhang; Albert J. Fry; Frederick G. Bordwell
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Publication Detail:
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of organic chemistry     Volume:  61     ISSN:  1520-6904     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Org. Chem.     Publication Date:  1996 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-Oct-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985193R     Medline TA:  J Org Chem     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  4101-4106     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Chemistry, Northwestern University, 2145 Sheridan Road, Evanston, Illinois 60208.
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