Document Detail


Epothilones in the treatment of cancer.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16732719     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Epothilones are cytotoxic macrolides with a similar mechanism of action to paclitaxel but with the potential advantage of activity in taxane-resistant settings in preclinical models. The epothilones ixabepilone, patupilone, BMS-310705, KOS-862 and ZK-EPO are in early clinical trials for cancer treatment. Phase I studies have shown that dose-limiting toxicities of epothilones are generally neurotoxicity and neutropoenia although initial studies with patupilone indicated that diarrhoea was dose limiting. Neuropathy induced by ixabepilone may be schedule dependent. Over 20 Phase II studies of epothilones in cancer treatment have been reported, and significant activity in taxane-sensitive tumour types (such as breast, lung and prostate cancers) has been noted. Response rates in taxane-refractory metastatic breast cancer are relatively modest, but ixabepilone and patupilone have shown promising efficacy in hormone-refractory metastatic prostate cancer and in taxane-refractory ovarian cancer.
Authors:
James M G Larkin; Stanley B Kaye
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Expert opinion on investigational drugs     Volume:  15     ISSN:  1744-7658     ISO Abbreviation:  Expert Opin Investig Drugs     Publication Date:  2006 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-05-30     Completed Date:  2007-10-26     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9434197     Medline TA:  Expert Opin Investig Drugs     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  691-702     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
The Royal Marsden Hospital, Downs Road, Sutton, Surrey, SM2 5PT, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Antineoplastic Agents / administration & dosage,  adverse effects,  therapeutic use*
Breast Neoplasms / drug therapy*
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / drug therapy*
Clinical Trials as Topic
Drug Administration Schedule
Drug Evaluation, Preclinical
Drug Resistance, Neoplasm
Epothilones / administration & dosage,  adverse effects,  therapeutic use*
Female
Humans
Lung Neoplasms / drug therapy*
Male
Prostatic Neoplasms / drug therapy*
Tubulin Modulators / administration & dosage,  adverse effects,  therapeutic use*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antineoplastic Agents; 0/Epothilones; 0/Tubulin Modulators; 0/epothilone B; 219989-84-1/ixabepilone

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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