Document Detail

Epizootic gastritis associated with gastric spiral bacilli in cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8442328     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
An outbreak of vomiting in a group of captive cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus) was investigated, and histologic examination revealed chronic gastritis characterized by infiltration of lymphocytes and numerous plasma cells and epithelial erosions. Lymphoid follicles, globule leukocytes, scattered neutrophils, and (in one animal) abscessed gastric glands were inconsistent findings. In addition, necropsy of three cheetahs revealed gastric mucosal hyperplasia. Two kinds of bacteria were identified in the stomachs of infected cheetahs. Numerous long, tightly coiled motile Gastrospirillum-like organisms were seen in gastric mucus and in Warthin-Starry-stained sections of mucosa. These bacteria could not be cultured but were transmitted to conventional mice in homogenates of gastric mucosa from infected cheetahs. Ultrastructural examination revealed helical filaments on some of these bacteria. In addition, a smaller Helicobacter sp. was isolated. This organism could be cultured in vitro under microaerophilic conditions. One or both of these bacterial species was probably responsible for the gastritis in these cheetahs.
K A Eaton; M J Radin; L Kramer; R Wack; R Sherding; S Krakowka; J G Fox; D R Morgan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Veterinary pathology     Volume:  30     ISSN:  0300-9858     ISO Abbreviation:  Vet. Pathol.     Publication Date:  1993 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-03-29     Completed Date:  1993-03-29     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0312020     Medline TA:  Vet Pathol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  55-63     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Veterinary Pathobiology and Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Ohio State University, Columbus.
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MeSH Terms
Disease Outbreaks / veterinary*
Gastric Mucosa / microbiology*,  pathology
Gastritis / complications,  epidemiology,  microbiology,  pathology,  veterinary*
Helicobacter / isolation & purification*
Microscopy, Electron / veterinary
Ohio / epidemiology
Vomiting / epidemiology,  etiology,  veterinary*

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