Document Detail

Epitrochlear lymph nodes: Anatomy, clinical aspects, and sonography features. Pictorial essay().
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23397026     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
The normal and abnormal aspects of the epitrochlear lymphatic station are not well known, mainly because the axillary basin is commonly regarded as the primary lymphatic target of all upper limb disorders. The purpose of this paper is to illustrate, through a review of specific cases, the normal and abnormal findings that can emerge during ultrasonographic (US) and color-Doppler US exploration of the epitrochlear region. We illustrate the normal anatomy and variations of the epitrochlear lymph nodes and highlight the functional role of this lymphatic station. Subsequently we describe the US and color-Doppler US findings. A number of different abnormalities are reviewed, including metastases (mainly from upper limb cutaneous melanomas), Hodgkin disease, and non-Hodgkin lymphoma, lymphadenitis (cat-scratch disease, foreign bodies, and IV drug abuse). Measures are suggested to avoid interpretative pitfalls and to carry out an effective differential diagnosis of elbow masses. This article represents a pictorial essay of the US and color-Doppler US features of various epitrochlear lymph node abnormalities that clinicians may not be familiar with.
Abstract available from the publisher.
O Catalano; A Nunziata; P P Saturnino; A Siani
Related Documents :
18412816 - Hypersensitivity reaction to the ingestion of mango flesh.
3079246 - Immunoglobulin deposition in skin of patients with lupus erythematosus: clinical correl...
24891906 - Intrinsic brainstem white epidermoid cyst: an unusual case report.
23618356 - Cystic lesions of the adrenal gland: our experience over the last 20 years.
24101276 - Acromegaly associated with mixed pituitary adenoma-gangliocytoma and rathke's cleft cyst.
8781156 - Capillary versus aspiration biopsy: effect of needle size and length on the cytopatholo...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-11-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of ultrasound     Volume:  13     ISSN:  1971-3495     ISO Abbreviation:  J Ultrasound     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-02-11     Completed Date:  2013-02-12     Revised Date:  2013-04-12    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101315005     Medline TA:  J Ultrasound     Country:  Italy    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  168-74     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Radiology, National Cancer Institute IRCCS "Fondazione G. Pascale", Naples, Italy.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Physical activity and mammographic density in a cohort of postmenopausal Norwegian women; a cross-se...
Next Document:  The occlusion rate and patterns of saphenous vein after radiofrequency ablation.