Document Detail


Epitrochlear lymph nodes: Anatomy, clinical aspects, and sonography features. Pictorial essay().
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23397026     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The normal and abnormal aspects of the epitrochlear lymphatic station are not well known, mainly because the axillary basin is commonly regarded as the primary lymphatic target of all upper limb disorders. The purpose of this paper is to illustrate, through a review of specific cases, the normal and abnormal findings that can emerge during ultrasonographic (US) and color-Doppler US exploration of the epitrochlear region. We illustrate the normal anatomy and variations of the epitrochlear lymph nodes and highlight the functional role of this lymphatic station. Subsequently we describe the US and color-Doppler US findings. A number of different abnormalities are reviewed, including metastases (mainly from upper limb cutaneous melanomas), Hodgkin disease, and non-Hodgkin lymphoma, lymphadenitis (cat-scratch disease, foreign bodies, and IV drug abuse). Measures are suggested to avoid interpretative pitfalls and to carry out an effective differential diagnosis of elbow masses. This article represents a pictorial essay of the US and color-Doppler US features of various epitrochlear lymph node abnormalities that clinicians may not be familiar with.
Abstract available from the publisher.
Authors:
O Catalano; A Nunziata; P P Saturnino; A Siani
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-11-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of ultrasound     Volume:  13     ISSN:  1971-3495     ISO Abbreviation:  J Ultrasound     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-02-11     Completed Date:  2013-02-12     Revised Date:  2013-04-12    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101315005     Medline TA:  J Ultrasound     Country:  Italy    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  168-74     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Radiology, National Cancer Institute IRCCS "Fondazione G. Pascale", Naples, Italy.
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