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Epitaxial growth of TiO(2) films with the rutile (110) structure on Ag(100).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23018382     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Ultrathin films of TiO(2) were grown on Ag(100) by evaporation of titanium in the presence of O(2) at a pressure in the 10(-4) Pa range and annealing at 770 K. The composition of the deposited films was monitored by XPS and LEIS. The morphology at the nanometric scale of the TiO(2) films and their crystallographic structure were investigated by means of STM, LEED and XPD. Above the monolayer coverage (at which the oxide film has a lepidocrocite-like structure), STM images show the formation of multilayer islands with a distribution of heights. XPD results indicate that these oxide islands have the rutile (110) structure and are epitaxially oriented with the sides of the oxide unit cell parallel to those of the substrate unit cell. The results of the DFT calculations justify the 3D growth of rutile (110) on Ag(100). The calculated strain energy required to match the metal substrate can explain the incommensurate growth of the overlayer in the direction of the long side of the oxide unit cell. The results of the calculations indicate that a commensurate growth of rutile (110) may be possible along the short side of the oxide unit cell, taking into account the relatively small strain energy to fit the lattice parameter of the substrate. The DFT calculations predict a considerable increase of the work function upon deposition of titania films on Ag(100), which can be attributed to a charge transfer from the metal to the 3d Ti empty states.
Authors:
Andrea Atrei; Brunetto Cortigiani; Anna Maria Ferrari
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-9-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of physics. Condensed matter : an Institute of Physics journal     Volume:  24     ISSN:  1361-648X     ISO Abbreviation:  J Phys Condens Matter     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-9-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101165248     Medline TA:  J Phys Condens Matter     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  445005     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Dipartimento di Chimica, Università di Siena, I-53100 Siena, Italy.
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