Document Detail


Epileptic seizure-induced hypertension and its prevention by calcium channel blockers: a real-time study in conscious telemetered rats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19767881     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Epileptic seizures are accompanied by changes in autonomic function that in turn influence the cardiovascular system (hypertension and bradyarrhythmia). We have studied possible cardioprotective activity (during the ictal state in conscious animals) of valproic acid, nifedipine, and verapamil, alone and in combination, during pentylenetetrazole (PTZ)-induced seizures. Telemetry system was used for recording EEG, blood pressure, and heart rate in conscious, freely moving rats during seizures. We observed that PTZ-induced seizures were accompanied by hypertension and bradyarrhythmia. Pretreatment with valproic acid did not block seizure-induced hypertension and bradyarrhythmia. Nifedipine alone and in combination with valproic acid blocked seizure-induced hypertension and bradyarrhythmia significantly. We also observed that pretreatment with verapamil alone and in combination with valproic acid did not block seizure-induced hypertension and bradyarrhythmia significantly. Our results suggest that pretreatment with nifedipine alone or in combination with valproic acid provides protection against seizure-induced hypertension and bradyarrhythmia.
Authors:
Mirza Irfan Beig; Ramesh Chandra; Anita Talwar; Mohammad Fahim; Anju Katyal
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Canadian journal of physiology and pharmacology     Volume:  87     ISSN:  1205-7541     ISO Abbreviation:  Can. J. Physiol. Pharmacol.     Publication Date:  2009 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-09-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372712     Medline TA:  Can J Physiol Pharmacol     Country:  Canada    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  572-80     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Center for Biomedical Research, University of Delhi, Delhi 110 007, India.
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